Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
To a first approximation, everything that happens at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN is a strong interaction process. If signals of supersymmetric particles or other new states are found at the LHC, the events that produce those signals will represent parts per trillion of the total sample of proton-proton scattering events and parts per billion of the sample of events with hard scattering of quarks and gluons. Can we predict the rates of QCD processes well enough to control their contribution to a tantalizing signal? What physics insights can assist this process?
Mathematics and physics can come together to the benefit of both fields, particularly in the case of Calabi-Yau spaces and string theory---our leading attempt to explain the universe to date. The audience will gain a sense of how mathematicians think and approach the world and realize that mathematics does not have to be a wholly abstract discipline, disconnected from everyday phenomena, but it is instead crucial to our understanding of the physical world.
Strong lensing galaxy clusters provide promising probes of cosmological structure formation. Strong lensing halos can be identified in cosmological simulations through ray tracing techniques and their properties measured. Previous studies have found some evidence that strong lensing clusters are more concentrated than expected, with possible explanations including baryonic effects or more exotic physics such as early dark energy.
Hints for the possibility of two times emerged in M-theory in 1995. If taken seriously this required new concepts that could solve unitarity
(ghost) and causality problems so that physics could be described sensibly in a spacetime with two times. The necessary concept turned out to be a gauge symmetry in phase space. This is an unfamiliar concept, but is one that extends Einstein's approach to the formulation of fundamental equations of physics, by removing the perspective of the observer, not only in position space but more generally in phase space.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series