Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
We propose a family of models with an exponential number of parameters, but which are approximated by a tensor network. Tensor networks are used to represent quantum wavefunctions, and powerful methods for optimizing them can be extended to machine learning applications as well. We use a matrix product state to classify images, and find that a surprisingly small bond dimension yields state-of-the-art results.
In the first part of this talk, I will focus on the physics of deep learning, a popular subfield of machine learning where recent performance on tasks such as visual object recognition rivals human performance. I present work relating greedy training of deep belief networks to a form of variational real-space renormalization. This connection may help explain how deep networks automatically learn relevant features from data and extract independent factors of variation.
Imagine you run a supermarket, and assume that for each customer “u” you record what “u” is buying. For instance, you may observe that u=1 typically buys bread and cheese and u=2 typically buys bread and salami. Studying your dataset you suspect that generally, customers who are likely to buy cheese are likely to buy bread as well. Rules of this kind are called association rules. Mining association rules is of significant practical importance in fields like market basket analysis and healthcare.
Quantum control is valuable for various quantum technologies such as high-fidelity gates for universal quantum computing, adaptive quantum-enhanced metrology, and ultra-cold atom manipulation. Although supervised machine learning and reinforcement learning are widely used for optimizing control parameters in classical systems, quantum control for parameter optimization is mainly pursued via gradient-based greedy algorithms.
Many tasks in quantum information rely on accurate knowledge of a system's Hamiltonian, including calibrating control, characterizing devices, and verifying quantum simulators. In this talk, we pose the problem of learning Hamiltonians as an instance of parameter estimation. We then solve this problem with Bayesian inference, and describe how rejection and particle filtering provide efficient numerical algorithms for learning Hamiltonians.
Quantum machine learning algorithms usually translate a machine learning methods into an algorithm that can exploit the advantages of quantum information processing. One approach is to tackle methods that rely on matrix inversion with the quantum linear system of equations routine. We give such a quantum algorithm based on unregularised linear regression.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series