Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
We study 5d and 6d SCFTs with eight supercharges by using 5-brane web diagrams in Type IIB string theory. There are two important properties of the web diagram. One is that it enables us to compute the exact partition function of the 5d theory on the 5-brane web. Even though the web diagram is not dual to a toric geometry, we develop a technique to compute the partition function by using the topological vertex. The other is that a new class of the 5-brane web diagram is conjectured to imply that the corresponding 5d theory has a 6d superconformal fixed point at high energies.
The measurement of distance has long been a fundamental challenge in astrophysics. We have developed a method of inferring distances to astrophysical sources using spatial cross-correlations with galaxies of known redshift. These “clustering redshifts” are robust to problems plaguing other distance estimates and require only knowledge of the on-sky position of the sources. We have verified the method with sources with spectroscopic redshifts, demonstrating accuracies exceeding those required for many cosmological probes.
Using the method of flux fusion anomaly test recently developed by M. Hermele and X. Chen (arXiv:1508.00573), we show that the possible ways of fractionalize crystal symmetry is greatly restricted if we assume the spin liquid has an SU(2) spin rotation symmetry and the spinon carries a half-integer spin. For a Z_2 spin liquid, under these assumptions the vison can only take the crystal symmetry fractionalization described by the Ising gauge theory. For a chiral spin liquid these assumptions imply that the spinon must also take fractionalized quantum numbers of crystal symmetries.
This talk is based on arXiv:1506.07306, with Shun-Pei Miao. We argue that the fine tuning problems of scalar-driven inflation may be worse than is commonly believed. The reason is that reheating requires the inflaton to be coupled to other matter fields whose vacuum fluctuations alter the inflaton potential. The usual response has been that even more fine-tuning of the classical potential $V(\varphi)$ can repair any damage done in this way.
Modeling the cosmic velocity field, and especially estimating its lowest order moment, the bulk flow, has been a popular pursuit among aficionados in the cosmological community for three decades now. Other than estimating the magnitude and direction of the flow, one of the main difficulties has been defining the scale of flow detected. There is a nearly universal agreement as to the direction of the flow, however, there is some disagreements regarding the magnitude and scale of the flow.
When the primordial fluctuations are non-Gaussian and inflation lasts longer than the minimum number of e-folds, the likelihood that we observe mild deviations from isotropy increases. I will present a single framework that encompasses many of the most promising scenarios for generating a hemispherical power asymmetry. This framework allows a comparison of the observational evidence for various models, including some with a natural connection between large scale power suppression and power asymmetry.