Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
The standard theory of topological insulators and superfluids (or superconductors) assumes that the fermionic elementary excitations in these systems – electrons in the insulator and Bogoliubov quasiparticles in the superfluid – do not interact with one another. In this talk I will discuss extensions of this theory to include the effects of interparticle interactions on the topological surface states of 3D topological insulators and superfluids.
It is well known - to those who know it - that noise and randomness can enhance signal resolution. I'll present an easy-to-follow example from digital audio that illustrates the way in which adding noise ("dither") prior to measurement enhances the accuracy with which we are able to distinguish the features of the sound or image. I will then explore the way in which the environmental interactions prior to measurement ordinarily characterized as environment-induced decoherence may play a similar role.
Main properties of generalized contraction methods of Lie algebras, known also as expansion methods, are briefly introduced. Between some of their physical applications, one might study the nature of solutions in theories constructed with those expanded algebras. In particular, as we are interested in solutions that could be relevant in the context of AdS/CFT and Holographic Superconductors, we would like to study the holographic QFT dual to Chern-Simons gravity for an expansion of AdS algebra.
Astrophysical observations of the structure of galaxies and clusters are no longer simply proving the existence of DM, but have sharpened into a discovery tool probing the particle physics of dark matter. I discuss small scale structure anomalies for cold dark matter and their possible implications for dark matter physics, such as the existence of forces in the dark sector. New results on cluster scales provide a new important handle for constraining dark matter's particle interactions.
High resolution CMB experiments, such as ACT, SPT, and the Planck satellite are making precision measurements of the secondary anisotropies caused by the thermal Sunyaev Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect from galaxy clusters. However, our ability to obtain cosmological information from this tSZ signal is limited by our theoretical understanding of the baryons in clusters and groups. I will discuss how cross correlation methods are providing new windows into the messy “Gastrophysics” of the intracluster medium and the potential for these methods to constrain various cosmological parameters.
Recent progress on the construction of holographic lattices and its applications to AdS/CMT correspondence will be briefly reviewed. Our special interests will focus on the building of bulk geometry of gravity whose holographic duals exhibit metal-insulator transitions (MIT). In particular, the Peierls phase transition induced by charge density waves is implemented in a holographic manner. The holographic entanglement entropy close to quantum critical points will be discussed as well.
In this talk I will show how to use the pure spinor formalism to compute multiloop string amplitudes, including their precise overall coefficients. I will also discuss the relevance of the recent four-point 3-loop and five-point 2-loop amplitudes for verifying some S-duality predictions.
We present a string-inspired method to construct supersymmetric loop integrands for scattering amplitudes in ten-dimensional SYM and supergravity. The kinematic dependence is described in pure spinor superspace and determined from the BRST-symmetry of the underlying pure spinor superstring. We focus on five-point examples at one- and two-loop order which satisfy the BCJ duality between color and kinematics. Hence, the supergravity integrands follow straightforwardly from a double copy construction of the cubic diagrams in SYM.