This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
I will explain some recent exact developments in N=2 SUSY gauge theories on 3-sphere and its deformations. I will begin by the analysis of Killing spinors and their generalization which are necessary to construct SUSY theories on curved spaces. Then I will sketch the exact computation of partition function using SUSY localization and present a general formula. Some applications to the physics of M5-branes will also be discussed.
Finding the exact, quantum corrected metric on the hypermultiplet moduli space in Type II string compactifications on Calabi-Yau threefolds is still an open problem. We address this issue by relating the quaternionic-Kähler metric on the hypermultiplet moduli space to the complex contact geometry on its twistor space. In this framework, Euclidean D-brane instantons are captured by contact transformations between different patches.
In this talk we discuss a proposed dual matrix formulation of N = 4 Super Yang-Mills on R^4 coupled to 4D Einstein supergravity. We review the evidence accumulated so far in favor of this proposal, which includes a successful match of the symmetries of the continuum theory, and the computation of MHV gluon and graviton scattering amplitudes in terms of matrix model correlators. We also discuss some avenues of ongoing investigation.
Three-dimensional fluids with nontrivial vorticity can be described holographically. It is well-known that the Kerr-AdS geometry gives rise to a 'cyclonic' flow. Lorentzian Taub--NUT--AdS_4 geometries give rise to a rotating fluid with vortex flow.
The boundary conditions of general black holes in asymptotically flat spacetimes can be modified such that a conformal symmetry emerges. The black holes with asymptotic geometry modified in this manner satisfy the equations of motion of minimal supergravity in one dimension more. Their symmetry suggests that a dual conformal field theory description exists that can account for the black hole entropy even in the case of black holes that are far from extremality.
We evaluate the partition function of three dimensional general relativity with a negative cosmological constant, including all known perturbative and non-perturbative contributions to the sum over geometries.
I will present a newly found duality between an infinite class of 3-dimensional N=4 gauge theories at their conformal IR fixed point and type IIB string theory solutions. This correspondence gives a new tool to explore the strongly coupled phase of the supersymmetric gauge theories in question.
We study the constraints imposed by the existence of a single higher spin conserved current on a three dimensional conformal field theory. A single higher spin conserved current implies the existence of an infinite number of higher spin conserved currents. The correlation functions of the stress tensor and the conserved currents are then shown to be equal to those of a free field theory. Namely a theory of $N$ free bosons or free fermions. This is an extension of the Coleman-Mandula theorem to CFT's, which do not have a conventional S matrix.
The partition function on the three-sphere of many supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories reduces, by localization, to a matrix model. In this talk I will describe a new method to study these models in the M-theory limit, but at all orders in the 1/N expansion. The method is based on reformulating the matrix model as the partition function of a Fermi gas. This new approach leads to a completely elementary derivation of the N^{3/2} behavior for ABJM theory and other quiver Chern-Simons-matter theories.
In this talk I will give an overview of localization and some of its applications for QFTs in three dimensions. I will start by reviewing the localization procedure for N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories in three dimensions on S^3. I will then describe some of the applications to field theory dualities and to holography, and the possibility of extracting information about RG fixed points from the localized partition function.