This series consists of talks in the area of Quantum Gravity.
I will review some problems of the black hole paradigm and explore other
possibilities for the final state of stellar collapse other than an evaporating
black hole. In particular I will use the so-called transplanckian problem as a
guide in this search for a compelling scenario for the evaporation of
ultracompact objects.
I will recall the
main motivations for considering spin foam models in their Group Field Theory
(GFT) versions, which are quantum field theories defined on group manifolds. As
for any other quantum field theory, a fully consistent definition of the latter
must involve renormalization. I will briefly review a specific class of GFTs,
called tensorial, for which progress in this direction has recently been possible.
A new just-renormalizable model, in three dimensions and on the SU(2) group,
Tensor models are
generalization of matrix models, and are studied as discrete models for quantum gravity for more than two-dimensions. Among them, the rank-three tensor models can be interpreted as theories of dynamical fuzzy spaces, and they generally have the feature of
We describe of the evaporation
process as driven by the dynamical evolution of the quantum gravitational
degrees of freedom resident at the horizon, as identified by the Loop Quantum
Gravity kinematics. Using a parallel with the Brownian motion, we interpret the
first law of quantum dynamical horizon in terms of a fluctuation-dissipation
relation applied to this fundamental discrete structure. In this way, the
horizon evolution is described in terms of relaxation to an equilibrium state
It is known that the entanglement entropy of quantum
fields on the black hole
background contributes to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy,and that its
divergences can be absorbed into the renormalization of gravitational
couplings. By introducing a Wilsonian cutoff scale and the concepts of
the renormalization group, we can expand this observation
into a broader framework for understanding black hole entropy. At a
given RG scale, two contributions to the black hole entropy can be
The
combinatorial problems associated with the counting of black hole states in
loop quantum gravity can be analyzed by using suitable generating functions.
These not only provide very useful tools for exact computations, but can also
be used to perform an statistical analysis of the black hole degeneracy
spectrum, study the interesting substructure found in the entropy of
microscopic black holes and its asymptotic behavior for large horizon areas.
The methods that will be described are relevant for the discussion of the
There are several
fundamental predictions of quantum field theory, such as Hawking radiation (i.e., black hole evaporation) or the Sauter-Schwinger effect (i.e., electron-positron pair creation out of the quantum vacuum by a strong electric field), which have so far eluded direct experimental verification.
However, it should be possible to gain some experimental access to these effects via suitable condensed matter analogues. In this talk, some possibilities for reproducing such fundamental
quantum effects in the laboratory are discussed.
The space of convex polyhedra can be given a dynamical structure. Exploiting this dynamics we have performed a Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization of the volume of a tetrahedral grain of space, which is in excellent agreement with loop gravity. Here we present investigations of the volume of a 5-faced convex polyhedron. We give for the first time a constructive method for finding these polyhedra given their face areas and normals to the faces and find an explicit formula for the volume. This results
In spacetime physics any set C of events—a causal set—is taken to be partially ordered by the relation £ of possible causation: for p, q Î C, p £ q means that q is in p’s future light cone. Fotini Markopoulou has proposed that the causal structure of spacetime itself be represented by “sets evolving over C” —that is, in essence, by the topos Set ^{C} of presheaves on C^{op.}
Recent progress in the quantization of nonrenormalizable scalar fields has found that a suitable non-classical modification of the ground state wave function leads to a result that eliminates term-by-term divergences that arise in a conventional perturbation analysis. After a brief review of both the scalar field story and the affine quantum gravity program, examination of the procedures used in the latter surprisingly shows an analogous formulation which already implies that affine quantum gravity is not plagued by divergences that arise in a standard perturbation study.