This series consists of talks in the area of Condensed Matter.
Fractional quantum Hall effect in the sequence of filling factors n/(2np +- 1) is well understood by the integer quantum Hall effect of the composite fermions at the filling factor n. A composite fermion (CF) is a bound state of an electron and 2p number of quantized vortices. However, the experimentally observed states such as 4/11, 5/13, and 3/8 which are between 1/3 and 2/5 cannot be accommodated in the conventional noninteracting theory of composite fermions. The interaction between CFs in partially filled second effective Landau levels of CFs is important for these states.
The properties of a strange metal fermion model with infinite-range
interactions turn out to be closely related to those of charged black holes
with AdS2 horizons. I show that a microscopic computation of the ground
state entropy density of the fermion model yields precisely the Bekenstein-Hawking
entropy density of the black hole. The fermion model is UV finite and has no supersymmetry
Parafermions are the simplest generalizations of Majorana fermions that realize topological order. We propose a less restrictive notion of topological order in 1D open chains, which generalizes the seminal work by Fendley [J. Stat. Mech., P11020 (2012)]. The first essential property is that the groundstates are mutually indistinguishable by local, symmetric probes, and the second is a generalized notion of zero edge modes which cyclically permute the groundstates.