Quantum Phase Estimation

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We will compare quantum phase estimation from the point of view of quantum computation and quantum metrology. In the simplest cases, the former can be simplified to a sequential (unentangled) protocol, while the latter is parallel (entangled). We show that both protocols can be formally related with circuit identities and that they respond in exactly the same way to decoherence. We present sequential protocols for optimal estimation and frame synchronization in DQC1. Finally, we introduce new estimation protocols based on nonlinear Hamiltonians. We show that both optimal input states and product states with separable measurements improve the scaling of linear Hamiltonians. We will comment on the effect of decoherence in nonlinear protocols, and the role of entanglement in nonlinear protocols with product states.