How are cell concentrations implicated in activity and selectivity of antimicrobial peptides?

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are known to be active against a wide range of microbes. Cell selectivity is an important quality of AMPs which enables them to preferentially bind to and kill the microbes over host cells. Despite its significance in determining the cell selectivity however the cell-concentration dependence of AMP activity has not been criticality examined. Here we present a coarse-grained model for describing how cell concentrations are implicated in AMP's membrane-perturbing activity and selectivity.