Geometric measure of entanglement and its applications to multi-partite states and quantum phase transitions

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A multi-partite entanglement measure is constructed via the distance or angle of the pure state to its nearest unentangled state.
The extention to mixed states is made via the convex-hull construction, as is done in the case of entanglement of formation. This geometric measure is shown to be a monotone. It can be calculated for various states, including arbitrary two-qubit states, generalized Werner and isotropic states in bi-partite systems. It is also calculated for various multi-partite pure and mixed states, including ground states of some physical models and states generated from quantum alogrithms, such as Grover's. A specific application to a spin model with quantum phase transistions will be presented in detail.The connection of the geometric measure to other entanglement properties will also be discussed.