Frozen Spin Ice Ground States in the Pyrochlore Magnet Tb2 Ti2 O7

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Tb2Ti2O7 was one of the first pyrochlore magnets to be studied as a candidate for a spin liquid or cooperative paramagnet, and its ground state has remained enigmatic for fifteen years. Recent time-of-flight neutron scattering studies have shown that it enters a glassy Spin Ice ground state, characterized by frozen short range order over about 8 conventional unit cells, and the formation of a ~ 0.08 meV gap in its spin excitation spectrum at the appropriate quasi-Bragg wave vectors. I will introduce the relevant Spin Ice physics background, and describe how the experiments are performed. The new H-T phase diagram for Tb2Ti2O7 in a [110] magnetic field will be presented. This shows that its frozen (i.e. glassy) Spin Ice ground state (at low temperature and zero field) and its conventional field-induced ordered phase (at low temperature and high fields) bracket the cooperative paramagnetic phase which generated the original interest in this fascinating magnet.