Entangling with Topological Quantum Matter

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Topological phases of matter serve as one of the most striking examples of the richness and novelty of quantum systems with many degrees of freedom.  In contrast to conventional matter, they are characterized by both non-local properties and non-classical notions such as entanglement.  I will discuss two broad categories of topological phases, distinguished by whether or not they possess fractionalized “anyon” excitations that are neither bosons nor fermions.  I will demonstrate that entanglement not only provides an understanding of such phases but also enables the transmutation between these two categories of topological phases.