Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Probabilistic protocols in quantum information are an attempt to improve performance by occasionally reporting a better result than could be expected from a deterministic protocol. Here we show that probabilistic protocols can never improve performance beyond the quantum limits on the corresponding deterministic protocol. To illustrate this result we examine three common probabilistic protocols: probabilistic amplification, weak value amplification, and probabilistic metrology.
It has been argued that if black hole evaporation is a unitary quantum process, then a black hole horizon must be cloaked by a "firewall", i.e. a highly excited state of local quantum fields. This reasoning is based on factorizing the Hilbert space into interior and exterior degrees of freedom. Such factorization ignores the Wheeler-deWitt constraint equation, which arises from the diffeomorphism invariance of quantum gravity. I will argue that this constraint evades the firewall.
States of matter with a sharp Fermi-surface but no well-defined Landau
quasiparticles are expected to arise in a number of physical systems.
Examples include i) quantum critical points associated with the onset
of order in metals, ii) the spinon Fermi-surface (U(1) spin-liquid)
state of a Mott insulator and iii) the Halperin-Lee-Read composite
fermion charge liquid state of a half-filled Landau level. In this
talk, I will use renormalization group techniques to investigate
This talk will discuss the formation, structure and interaction of null singularities for
the Einstein equations, as well as what this all means for the singular boundary
of generic space times within black hole regions.
I'll talk about some work in progress concerning the topic of metals which have no coherent quasiparticles. In particular, I'll compare and contrast the ubiquitous near horizon AdS2 region appearing in holographic models with a phase of matter called the spin incoherent luttinger liquid. By analyzing the structure of entanglement and correlations, we will find many similarities between these two states of matter.
I will review recent progress in describing interacting electronic topological insulators/superconductors in three dimensions. The focus will be on Symmetry Protected Topological (SPT) phases of electronic systems with charge conservation and time reversal. I will argue that the well known Z2 classification of free fermion insulators with this important symmetry generalizes to a Z2^3 classification in the presence of interactions. I will describe the experimental fingerprints and other physical properties of these states.