Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
It is shown that inflationary cosmology may be used to test the statistical predictions of quantum theory at very short distances. Hidden-variables theories, such as the pilot-wave theory of de Broglie and Bohm, allow the existence of vacuum states with non-standard field fluctuations (quantum non-equilibrium). It is shown that such non-equilibrium vacua lead to statistical anomalies, such as a breaking of scale invariance for the primordial power spectrum. The results depend only weakly on the details of the de Broglie-Bohm dynamics.
The problem of associating beables (hidden variables) to QFT, in the spirit of what Bohm did for nonrelativistic QM, is not trivial. In 1984, John Bell suggested a way of solving the problem, according to which the beables are the positions of fermions, in a discretized version of QFT, and obey a stochastic evolution that simulates all predictions of QFT. In the continuum limit, it will be shown that the Bell model becomes deterministic and that it is related to the choice of the charge density as a beable. Moreover, the charge superselection rule is a consequence of the Bell model.
From the Quantum Field Theory point of view, matter and gauge fields are generally expected to be localised around branes (topological defects) occurring in extra dimensions. I will discuss a simple scenario where, by starting with a five dimensional SU(3) gauge theory, we end up with several 4-D parallel braneworlds with localised 'chiral' fermions and gauge fields to them. I will show that it is possible to reproduce the electroweak model confined to a single brane, allowing a simple and geometrical approach to the hierarchy problem.
From Monday, January 30th to Thursday, February 2nd, Senarath (Shanta) de Alwis will give a four lecture mini-course on `Potentials for light moduli in N=1 supergravity and string theory'. In these lectures, Shanta will be describing some of the technical ingredients used in recent constructions of inflation in string theory. The lectures will be given at a level appropriate for advanced graduate students and will be held in the Bob Room at 11:00am each day.
I will discuss the design of degenerate quantum error correcting codes for an arbitrary Pauli channel. At noise levels slightly beyond those for which a random stabilizer code does not allow high fidelity transmission with a nonzero rate, our codes usually have a rate which is strictly positive. In fact, there exist Pauli channels for which our codes outperform a random stabilizer code whenever the random coding rate is less than 0.04, which is a couple of orders of magnitude larger than the previous examples of this effect.
From Monday, January 30th to Thursday, February 2nd, Senarath (Shanta) de Alwis will give a four lecture mini-course on `Potentials for light moduli in N=1 supergravity and string theory'. In these lectures, Shanta will be describing some of the technical ingredients used in recent constructions of inflation in string theory. The lectures will be given at a level appropriate for advanced graduate students and will be held in the Bob Room at 11:00am each day.
This is an introduction to background independent quantum theories of
gravity, with a focus on loop quantum gravity and related approaches.
Basic texts:
-Quantum Gravity, by Carlo Rovelli, Cambridge University Press 2005 -Quantum gravityy with a positive cosmological constant, Lee Smolin,
hep-th/0209079
-Invitation to loop quantum gravity, Lee Smolin, hep-th/0408048 -Gauge fields, knots and gravity, JC Baez, JP Muniain
Prerequisites:
This is an introduction to background independent quantum theories of
gravity, with a focus on loop quantum gravity and related approaches.
Basic texts:
-Quantum Gravity, by Carlo Rovelli, Cambridge University Press 2005 -Quantum gravityy with a positive cosmological constant, Lee Smolin,
hep-th/0209079
-Invitation to loop quantum gravity, Lee Smolin, hep-th/0408048 -Gauge fields, knots and gravity, JC Baez, JP Muniain
Prerequisites:
The information spectrum approach gives general formulae for optimal rates of codes in many areas of information theory. In this talk I shall relate the information spectrum approach to Shannon information theory and explore its relationship to ``entropic'' properties including subadditivity, chain rules, Araki-Lieb inequlities, and monotonicity.
Up to 90% of matter in the Universe could be composed of heavy particles, which were non-relativistic, or 'cold', when they froze-out from the primordial soup. I will review current searches for these hypothetical particles, both via elastic scattering from nuclei in deep underground detectors, and via the observation of their annihilation products in the Sun, galactic halo and galactic center. The emphasis will be on most recent results, and on comparison with reaches of future particle colliders, such as the LHC and ILC.