Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Fault-tolerant stabilizer state preparation, Steane error correction, universal fault-tolerant set of gates through gate teleportation, magic state distillation
Definition of fault tolerance, Shor error correction, fault-tolerant measurement for stabilizer and CSS codes
The general relativity has been tested from mm scales to solar system scales. The discovery of cosmic acceleration motivates the study of infrared modification of gravity at horizon scales.
The cosmic expansion can be accelerated by dark energy without any correction to GR, but alternatively it can be explained by the modified gravity at large scales without introducing the unknown exotic energy. We introduce the linear structure formation theory of DGP and f(R) gravity, and present what it the strategy to test general relativity at cosmological scales.
Experimentalists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider create exploding droplets of quark-gluon plasma, the stuff which filled the universe for the first microseconds after the big bang. I'll give one theorist's perspective on what we are learning about the properties of quark-gluon plasma from these experiments, including the conclusion that it is closer to an ideal liquid than to an ideal gas and the observation that it "quenches" high energy quarks ("jets") trying to plow through it.
Transversal Pauli group, transversal Clifford group for 7-qubit code, transversal gates for 5-qubit code, overview of fault-tolerant protocols.
Examples of qudit stabilizer codes, polynomial codes, Clifford group for qudits, introduction to fault-tolerance, definition of transversal gates, definition of fault-tolerant gates
Light-cone superstring field theory (LCSFT) and matrix string theory
(MST) are closely related. Both theories at the tree level are the Green-Schwarz superstring theory in the light-cone gauge. At the interaction level, the twist fields and the spin fields in MST correspond to the string interaction vertices in LCSFT. Since the CFT fields in MST are characterized by their OPEs, we would like to realize the OPEs by the interaction vertices in LCSFT to see the correspondence. In this talk I will begin with reviews of both theories and proceed to the correspondence between them.
Current measurements from WMAP and other cosmological probes are consistent with a simple inflationary model. Such models predict a background of gravitational waves which may soon be observable in the polarized component of the Cosmic Microwave Background.
However, WMAP has observed significant levels of polarized radiation from our galaxy, due to both synchrotron radiation and thermal dust emission.
A better understanding of this radiation will be vital if we are to correctly remove it and confidently detect an inflationary signal.
Will big questions be answered when the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) switches on in 2007? What will scientists find? Where might the research lead? Nima Arkani-Hamed, a noted particle theorist, is a Professor of Physics at Harvard University. He investigates a number of mysteries and interactions in nature puzzles that are likely to have experimental consequences in the next few years via particle accelerators, like the LHC, as well as cosmological observations.