Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Extensions of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs sector often predict the existence of new vacua and can feature novel patterns of symmetry breaking in the early universe. In this talk, I will discuss the implications of such scenarios for electroweak scale cosmology, baryogenesis, and Higgs phenomenology. I will focus on two classes of models, one involving a gauge singlet scalar field and the other an inert SU(2) doublet scalar.
An essential component of scalable quantum computing is the ability to reliably protect quantum information from decoherence. Such protection can in principle be achieved via the use of quantum error correcting codes.
We discuss a construction to obtain families of quantum codes based on regular tilings of surfaces with constant negative curvature. This construction results in two-dimensional quantum codes whose tradeoff between encoding rate and protection is more favorable than for the standard surface code.
The existence of observables that are incompatible or not jointly measurable is a characteristic feature of quantum mechanics, which is the root of a number of nonclassical phenomena, such as uncertainty relations, wave--particle dual behavior, Bell-inequality violation, and contextuality.
However, no intuitive criterion is available for determining the compatibility of even two (generalized) observables, despite the overarching importance of this problem and intensive efforts of many researchers over more than 80 years.
In this talk, we will analyze the properties of the bosonic $\nu = 1$ Moore-Read state when used to build a state
which is strongly believed to be a non-Abelian spin-1 chiral spin liquid state [1]. In this state the bosonic $\nu = 1$
ISSYP Keynotes - to be recorded and added to PIRSA
ISSYP Keynotes - to be recorded and added to PIRSA
A pedagogic introduction will be given to: i) Emergent Majorana fermions and Majorana zero modes in certain condensed matter models and ii) Kondo insulators. This will be followed by discussion of a remarkable Quantum Oscillation Anomaly seen in recent experiments in SmB6, a Kondo insulator, by the Cambridge group [1], as providing evidence [2] for presence of Majorana fermi sea, in an unexpected place. We show a counter intuitive result that these Majorana fermions though neutral, exhibit Landau diamagnetism.
Current and near-future cosmological surveys can provide powerful tests of gravity on the largest scales. However, in order to extract this information, it is essential to understand the host of parameter degeneracies which may arise. I present two approaches towards this goal, with a focus on the use of weak gravitational lensing measurements in combination with other probes. First, I discuss a novel expression for a weak lensing power spectrum under alternative theories of gravity.
Check back for details on the next lecture in Perimeter's Public Lectures Series