Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Quantum field theory in curved spacetime (QFTCS) is the theory of quantum fields propagating in a classical curved spacetime, as described by general relativity. QFTCS has been applied to describe such important and interesting phenomena as particle creation by black holes and perturbations in the early universe associated with inflation. However, by the mid-1970\'s, it became clear from phenomena such as the Unruh effect that \'particles\' cannot be a fundamental notion in QFTCS.
The non-Gaussianity of the primordial cosmological perturbations will be strongly constrained by future observations like Planck. It will provide us with important information about the early universe and will be used to discriminate among models. I will review how different models of the early universe can generate different amount and shapes of non-Gaussianity.
I will discuss a solution generating technique that allows to generate
stationary axisymmetric solutions of five-dimensional gravity, starting
from static ones. This technique can be used to add angular momentum
to static configurations. It can also be used to add KK-monopole charge
to asymptotically flat five-dimensional solutions, thus generating geometries
that interpolate between five-dimensional and four-dimensional solutions.
The k-essence theories admit the superluminal propagation of the perturbations on classical nontrivial backgrounds. In this talk I will review our arguments from arXiv:0708.0561v1 and show that in spite of the superluminal propagation the causal paradoxes do not arise in these theories and in this respect they are not less safe than General Relativity.
We investigate the effect of evaporating primordial black holes on the ionization history of the universe, with emphasis on limits derivable from the CMB and future 21-cm observations of high-redshift neutral hydrogen.
The cosmological power of Type Ia Supernovae depends on their ability to determine distances. The astrophysical limitations, like reddening, local velocity inhomogeneities and intrinsic variations, are a severe impediment for the cosmological applications of these cosmic explosions. Overcoming these systematic restrictions must be the goal of any future supernova projects.