Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
The Hilbert scheme X[n] of n points on variety X parameterizes length n, zero dimensional subschemes of X. When X is a smooth surface, X[n] is also smooth and a beautiful formula for its motive was determined by Gottsche. When X is a threefold, X[n] is in general singular, of the wrong dimension, and reducible. However if X is a smooth Calabi-Yau threefold, X[n] has a canonical virtual motive --- a motification of the degree zero Donaldson-Thomas invariants. We give a formula analogous to Gottsche's for the virtual motive of X[n].
Clifford algebras arose in Dirac's work on the relativistic wave equation in quantum mechanics. Using the Clifford algebra associated to a quadratic form on a finite dimensional vector space, one can reduce the relativistic wave equation, a PDE of order two, to a system of linear PDEs. Similarly, one can use matrix representations of generalized (i.e. higher degree) Clifford algebras to reduce a PDE of higher degree. These generalized Clifford algebras have been the subject of ongoing research since late 1980s.
There have been many attempts to define quasilocal mass for a spacelike 2-surface in a spacetime by the Hamilton-Jacobi method. The essential difficulty in this approach is the choice of the background configuration to be subtracted from the physical Hamiltonian. The quasilocal mass should be positive for general surfaces, but on the other hand should be zero for surfaces in the flat spacetime.
We introduce a projective hypersurface ''normal form'' for a class of K3 surfaces which generalizes the classical Weierstrass normal form for complex elliptic curves. A geometric two-isogeny relates these K3 surfaces to the Kummer K3 surfaces of principally polarized abelian surfaces, with the normal form coefficients naturally identifying with the Igusa basis of Siegel modular forms of degree two. These results are reinterpreted through the lens of the Kuga-Satake Hodge Conjecture, and seen as a prediction coming from mirror symmetry.
The topological recursion of Eynard and Orantin has found many applications in various areas of mathematics. In this talk I will discuss the recursion from the point of view of Hurwitz numbers and local mirror symmetry. I will explain the mathematics underlying the recursion, its relation with the cut-and-join equation, and explore first steps towards proving (and understanding geometrically) the appearance of the recursion in local mirror symmetry.
The Planck-weak hierarchy is investigated in an extradimensional, soft-wall model originally proposed by Batell and Gherghetta. In this model the soft-wall is dynamically generated by background ﬁelds that, in the Einstein frame, cause the metric factor to deviate from anti-de Sitter by a power-law of the conformal coordinate. This talk will demonstrate that in order to achieve the appropriate Planck-weak hierarchy, the power of the conformal coordinate must be less than one.
We will discuss the notion of categorical Lie algebra actions, as introduced by Rouquier and Khovanov-Lauda. In particular, we will give examples of categorical Lie algebra actions on derived categories of coherent sheaves. We will show that such categorical Lie algebra actions lead to actions of braid groups.
There appear to be only two essentially distinct ways to understand intersection numbers on moduli spaces of curves --- via Hurwitz numbers or symplectic volumes. In this talk, we will consider polynomials defined by Norbury which bridge the gap between these two pictures. They appear in the enumeration of lattice points in moduli spaces of curves and it appears that their coefficients store interesting information. We will also describe a connection between these polynomials and the topological recursion defined by Eynard and Orantin.