Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
I will describe some combinatorial problems which arise when computing various types of partition functions for the Donaldson-Thomas theory of a space with a torus action. The problems are all variants of the following: give a generating function which enumerates the number of ways to pile n cubical boxes in the corner of a room. Often the resulting generating functions are nice product formulae, as predicted by the recent wall-crossing formulae of Kontsevich-Soibelman. There are now a variety of techniques, both geometric and combinatorial, to compute these formula.
Inspired by homological mirror symmetry, Seidel and Thomas constructed braid group actions on derived categories of coherent sheaves of various varieties and proved faithfulness of such actions for braid groups of type A. I will discuss joint work with Hugh Thomas giving some faithfulness results for derived braid group actions of types D and E
Quite a bit of progress has been achieved over the past seven years in understanding from a rigorous mathematical perspective the long time dynamics of waves in the Kerr geometry of a rotating black hole in equilibrium. A proof of the Penrose process for scalar waves has notably been given in this context. I will review some of these results, obtained in collaboration with Felix Finster, Joel Smoller and Shing-Tung Yau. I will also indicate a number of open problems.
We produce new examples of Ricci solitons, including many of non-Kahler type, by looking for solutions with symmetries, thus reducing
the equations to dynamical systems
"Sasakian geometry is often described as an odd dimensional counterparts of K\""ahler geometry. There is a natural Riemannian metric on the space of Sasakian metrics, which in turn gives a geodesic equation on this space. It can be viewed as parallel case of a well-known geodesic equation for the space of K\""ahler metrics. The equation is connected to some interesting geometric properties of Sasakian manifolds. It is a complicated complex Monge-Amp\`ere type involving
I will describe how the geometry of supersymmetric AdS solutions of type IIB string theory may be rephrased in terms of the geometry of generalized (in the sense of Hitchin) Calabi-Yau cones. Calabi-Yau cones, and hence Sasaki-Einstein manifolds, are a special case, and thus the geometrical structure described may be considered a form of generalized Sasaki-Einstein geometry. Generalized complex geometry naturally describes many features of the AdS/CFT correspondence. For example, a certain type changing locus is identified naturally with the moduli space of the dual CFT.
I will discuss the existence problem of extremal Kahler metrics (in the sense of Calabi) on the total space of a holomorphic projective bundle P(E) over a compact complex curve. The problem is not solved in full generality even in the case of a projective plane bundle over CP^1. However, I will show that sufficiently ``small'' Kahler classes admit extremal Kahler metrics if and only if the underlying vector bundle E can be decomposed as a sum of stable factors.
It is well known that new physics at the electroweak scale could solve important puzzles in cosmology, such as the nature of dark matter and the origin of the cosmic baryon asymmetry. In this talk, I discuss some of the simplest, non-supersymmetric possibilities, their collider signatures, and the prospects for their discovery and identification at the LHC.
In this talk we will discuss the (local) construction of a calibrated G_2 structure on the 7-dimensional quotient of an 8-dimensional quaternion-Kahler (QK) manifold M under the action of a group S^1 of isometries. The idea is to construct explicitly a 3-form of type G_2, using the data associated to the S^1 action and to the QK structure on M. In the same spirit, we can consider the level sets of the QK moment-map square-norm function on M, and again take the S^1 quotient: we will discuss in this case the construction of half-flat metrics in dimension 6, under suitable circumstances.