Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
In this talk, I will show that the five-dimensional Maxwell theory with a Chern-Simons coupling larger than a critical value in the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole geometry has tachyonic modes. This instability has an interesting property that it happens only at non-vanishing momenta, suggesting a spatially modulated phase transition in the holographically dual field theory. The final state after the phase transition has taken place will be discussed in detail in a special limit
We show that the generating function of the equivariant (generalized) Donaldson invariants of ${\bf R}^2 X {\Sigma}$ is captured by the solution of a thermodynamic Bethe ansatz equation. Based on a joint work with S. Shatashvili.
I will discuss a hybrid between Chern-Simons and Rozansky-Witten models. In particular, Wilson loops in this topological field theory are objects of a quantum deformation of the equivariant derived category of coherent sheaves.
I'll give an introduction to twistor-string theory, which is an attempt to reformulate supersymmetric gauge theory in four-dimensional space-time in terms of a certain generalisation of Gromov-Witten theory in twistor space. The resulting theory is closely related to the multi-dimensional residue calculus in G(k,n) (introduced in Cachazo's talk).
In the past year, motivated by physics, a rich structure has emerged from studying certain contour integrals in Grassmannians. Physical considerations single out a natural meromorphic form in G(k,n) with a cyclic structure. The residues obtained from these contour integrals have been shown to be invariants of a Yangian algebra. These residues also control what happens deep inside collisions of protons taking place at colliders like the Large Hadron Collider or LHC at CERN.
I will give an overview of recent work with Davide Gaiotto and Greg Moore. This work relates the phenomenon of ''wall-crossing'' for BPS states in four-dimensional N=2 theories to a new construction of hyperkahler metrics. These metrics include in particular the metrics on moduli spaces of solutions to Hitchin equations. I will also briefly describe some extensions of this work to incorporate line and surface operators in the N=2 theory (in progress).
The study of D-branes at singular points of Calabi-Yau threefolds has revealed interesting connections between certain noncommutative algebras and singular algebraic varieties. In many respects, the choice of an appropriate noncommutative algebra is analogous to finding a resolution of singularities of the variety. We will explain this connection in detail, and outline a program for studying such ''noncommutative resolutions'' globally, for compact algebraic (Calabi--Yau) threefolds.
The Hilbert scheme X[n] of n points on variety X parameterizes length n, zero dimensional subschemes of X. When X is a smooth surface, X[n] is also smooth and a beautiful formula for its motive was determined by Gottsche. When X is a threefold, X[n] is in general singular, of the wrong dimension, and reducible. However if X is a smooth Calabi-Yau threefold, X[n] has a canonical virtual motive --- a motification of the degree zero Donaldson-Thomas invariants. We give a formula analogous to Gottsche's for the virtual motive of X[n].
The Hilbert scheme X[n] of n points on variety X parameterizes length n, zero dimensional subschemes of X. When X is a smooth surface, X[n] is also smooth and a beautiful formula for its motive was determined by Gottsche. When X is a threefold, X[n] is in general singular, of the wrong dimension, and reducible. However if X is a smooth Calabi-Yau threefold, X[n] has a canonical virtual motive --- a motification of the degree zero Donaldson-Thomas invariants. We give a formula analogous to Gottsche's for the virtual motive of X[n].