Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, public outreach events such as talks from top scientists using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.
Recordings of events in these areas are all available and On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Accessibly by anyone with internet, Perimeter aims to share the power and wonder of science with this free library.
It is not unnatural to expect that difficulties lying at the foundations of quantum mechanics can only be resolved by literally going back and rethinking the quantum theory from first principles (namely, the principles of logic). In this talk, I will present a first-order quantum logic which generalizes the propositional quatum logic originated by Birkhoff and von Neumann as well as the standard classical predicate logic used in the development of virtually all of modern mathematics.
Motivated by the connection between 4-manifolds and 2d N=(0,2) theories, we study the dynamics of a fairly large class of 2d N=(0,2) gauge theories. We see that physics of such theories is very rich, much as the physics of 4d N=1 theories. We discover a new type of duality that is very reminiscent of the 4d Seiberg duality. Surprisingly, the new 2d duality is an operation of order three. We study the low energy physics and use elliptic genus to detect dynamical supersymmetry breaking.
Recently there has been a successful non-linear covariant ghost-free generalization of Fierz-Pauli massive gravity theory, the dRGT theory. I will explore the cosmology in the decoupling limit of this theory. Furthermore, I will construct a Proxy theory to dRGT from the decoupling limit and study the cosmology there as well and compare the results. Finally, I will discuss the quantum consistency of the theory.
TBA
I will present recent and ongoing work in collaboration with Tsutomu Yanagida and Simeon Hellerman (arXiv:1309.0692 and 1312.xxxx) on a new way to obtain charge quantization, without a GUT or monopole solution. In the CP^1 model, SU(2)_G/U(1)_H, consistency conditions for a charged field and its transformation properties over the entire group manifold lead to a charge quantization condition. By gauging the U(1)_H and identifying it with hypercharge, we find charge quantization in the SM without a monopole or GUT, purely from the structure and dynamics of the nonlinear sigma model.
Quantum spin liquid (QSL) is an exotic phase of matter and provides an interesting example of emergent non-locality. Even though many materials have been proposed as candidates for QSLs, there is no direct confirmation of QSLs in any of these systems. Quantum spin ice (QSI) is a physical realization of U(1) QSLs on the pyrochlore lattice. We consider a class of electron systems in which dipolar-octupolar Kramers doublets arise on the pyrochlore lattice. In the localized limit, the Kramers doublets are described by the effective spin 1/2 pseudospins.
The increasing demand for antibiotics has contributed to the investigation of possible novel antibiotics by many researchers. For this purpose experimental and theoretical studies have been carried out to draw scientists' attention to antimicrobial peptides and their interaction with the surface of bacterial membranes. Their ability to disrupt the functioning of bacterial membranes has been probed from different perspectives. The most desirable antimicrobial peptides are those which do not harm plant or animals' membranes but which disrupt bacterial membranes.
As an extension to previous ab initio studies on water [12] we present 400 psBorn-Oppenheimer ab initio Molecular dynamics study on water at deep supercooled temperatures (down to 220 K) and confirm a crossover from a fragile to strongliquid around the Widom line. This crossover is accompanied by the passage from relatively weaker hydrogen bonds in the dominantly high density liquid (HDL) at high temperatures to strong hydrogen bond in dominantly low density liquid (LDL).
Monte Carlo simulation is used to study the structural properties of the system consisting of a self-avoiding polymer chain confined between a fluid membrane and a flat hard surface. As the adhesion between the soft membrane and the hard-wall surface increases the polymer is subject to a strong confinement; a pancake-shaped polymer conformation state eventually yields to a bud state through an abrupt first-order phase transition.
By including composition fluctuations in our dynamical simulation of the time-dependent Landau-Brazovskii model for a diblock copolymer melt we find that disordered micelles form above the order-disorder transition to a BCC phase. At high-temperatures the micelle number density and volume fraction are effectively zero and the melt is disordered at the molecular level. As we lower the temperature the micelle number density increases gradually and approaches the number density in the BCC phase.