Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Within the context of F-theory compactified on Calabi-Yau fourfolds, we describe a class of string theory vacua which contain several features necessary in supersymmetric grand unified models of particle physics. Focussing on a simple class of local Calabi-Yau fourfolds, we explain how the matter content and superpotential in four dimensions are determined by a topological gauge theory. Along these lines, we present some minimal examples of GUT models.
If light scalar fields are present at the end of inflation, their nonequilibrium dynamics can produce non-Gaussian density perturbations. Lattice field theory simulations show that this effect can be very strong in the massless preheating model. It is therefore an important factor in assessing the viability of inflationary models. I present a phenomenological model that can be used to calculate the perturbations analytically.
The process of reheating in warped brane world models was initially thought to be quite efficient. However, the identification of long-lived Kaluza-Klein (KK) relics associated with isometries along the internal directions suggests that reheating may not be efficient, and may conflict with BBN and baryogenesis constraints. This talk discusses processes which may accommodate their decay and quantifies their expectant lifetimes, resulting in strong constraints on the parameters of the underlying theory.
We consider a Born-Infeld like action for gravity coupled to an external connection field. We show that the equation of state of this fluid interpolates between dark matter and dark energy. We also show that on galactic scales this system predicts asymptotically flat rotation curves. This action is motivated by looking at a regime where the metric vanishes, and replacing the big bang by a smooth transition between a topological manifold to a Riemannian manifold.
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics provides an excellent description of nearly every collider physics experiment performed to date. However, the SM is unable to explain the observed cosmology. Among its cosmological shortcomings, the SM cannot account for the dark matter or explain why there is more matter than anti-matter. A well-motivated way to extend the SM is supersymmetry. In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the the SM, the MSSM, new superpartner particles can make up the dark matter and generate the matter-antimatter asymmetry.
We present a simple mechanism for obtaining large-field inflation, and hence a gravitational wave signature, from string theory compactified on twisted tori. For Nil manifolds, we obtain a leading inflationary potential proportional to phi^(2/3) in terms of the canonically normalized field phi, yielding predictions for the tilt of the power spectrum and the tensor-to-scalar ratio, $n_sapprox 0.98$ and $rapprox 0.04$ with 60 e-foldings of inflation; we note also the possibility of a variant with a candidate inflaton potential proportional to phi^(2/5).
We study effects of the neutrino yukawa coupling on neutralino dark matter observables. We found that presence of the top-like neutrino yukawa coupling does significantly affect neutralino relic density in the regions.
The cosmological constant problem and the compatibility of gravity with quantum mechanics are the two most pressing problems in all of gravitational theory. While string theory nicely addresses the latter, it has so far failed to provide any compelling solution to the former. On the other hand, while conformal gravity nicely addresses the cosmological constant problem [by naturally quenching the amount by which the cosmological constant gravitates rather than by quenching the cosmological constant itself -- Mannheim, Prog. Part. Nuc. Phys.