Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
The origin and composition of 85% of the matter in the universe is completely unknown. Among several viable options, Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are motivated dark matter candidates that can be tested by different and complementary search strategies. Crucially, different searches probe WIMP couplings at different energy scales, and such a separation of scales has striking consequences in connecting different experimental probes.
In this talk, we will discuss an open Gromov-Witten invariant on hyperKahler surfaces, including K3 surfaces and certain Hitchin moduli spaces. The invariant is defined via the Lagrangian Floer theory and satisfy the Kontsevich-Soibelman wall-crossing formula and are expect to recover the generalized Donaldson-Thomas invariants studied in the work of Gaiotto-Moore-Neitzke.
More than a billion years ago, two black holes collided. In the final second of their long life together, the black holes banged out a rhythm like mallets on a drum, creating gravitational waves – ripples in the shape of spacetime. One hundred years ago, Albert Einstein predicted the existence of such waves, though it seemed improbable – if not outright impossible – that we’d ever be able to actually detect them. They were long considered too faint for any earthbound experiment to measure.
Collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are dominated by jets, collimated sprays of particles that arise from quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at high energies. With the remarkable performance of the ATLAS and CMS detectors, jets can now be characterized not just by their overall direction and energy but also by their substructure.
We derive in the framework of soft collinear effective field theory (SCET) a Lagrangian describing the t-channel exchange of Glauber quarks, which are incorporated through fermionic potential operators in the effective theory. The Wilson line structure of the operators, which is derived from matching calculations and the symmetries of the effective theory, describe additional soft and collinear emissions from a fermionic t-channel exchange in the forward scattering limit to all orders.
Many-body entanglement can lead to exotic phases of matter beyond conventional symmetry breaking paradigm. Those exotic phases may contain fractionalized quasiparticles and emergent gauge fields. In this talk, I will focus on a wide class of long-range entangled phases—quantum spin liquid. In quantum spin liquids, the spins are entangled in some intricate fashion giving rise to interesting physics such as emergent topological field theory and QED3 theory. I will show in detail how such exotic physics can emerge in simple spin systems.
The notion of Positive Representations is a new research program devoted to the representation theory of split real quantum groups, initiated in a joint work with Igor Frenkel. It is a generalization of the special class of representations considered by J. Teschner for Uq(sl(2,R)) in Liouville theory, where it exhibits a strong parallel to the finite-dimensional representation theory of compact quantum groups, but at the same time also serves some new properties that are not available in the compact case.