Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
The full machinery of supergravity (SUGRA) is required to fully understand many supersymmetric models. For the purpose of understanding phenomenology at colliders and in cosmology, the main concern is to ascertain the effects of SUGRA on the vacuum structure and particle spectrum. Practical calculations often require cumbersome manipulations of component field terms involving the full gravity multiplet. In this talk I will present an alternative gauge fixing for conformal SUGRA which decouples these gravity complications from SUGRA computations.
Novel phases can result from the interplay of electronic interactions and spin orbit coupling. In the first part, we discuss a simple Hubbard model for the pyrochlore iridates, whose phase diagram contains topological insulator (TI) and various magnetic phases. The latter host the novel topological Weyl semimetal, whose excitations behave like Weyl fermions. In the second part we study a novel spin liquid that was proposed to arise in the iridates, the 3D topological Mott insulator: a fractionalized TI where the neutral spinons acquire a topologically non-trivial band structure.
After overviewing the fundamentals of magnetized relativistic jets production, I present the results of new global 3D general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of jet formation by black hole (BH) accretion systems. The simulations are designed to transport a large amount of magnetic flux to the center, more than the accreting gas can force into the BH. The excess magnetic flux remains outside the BH, impedes accretion, and leads to a magnetically arrested disc. We find powerful outflows.
Many interesting physical systems in condensed matter physics may be described in the language of error-correcting codes. In this talk, we illustrate the applications of coding theoretical techniques to problems in many-body physics by reviewing our recent works. In particular, we discuss (1) the classification of quantum phases via local quantum codes, (2) thermal stability of topological order and its relation to feasibility of self-correcting quantum memory, and (3) information storage capacity of discrete spin systems.
I will discuss how to construct a consistent effective field theory when the differing modes of the theory have the same invariant mass scale. I will sketch some phenomenological applications of the formalism relevant for the LHC.
After a short introduction to general gauge mediation, we use the operator product expansion (OPE) to explore the dynamics of the hidden sector of SUSY breaking, much like the OPE is used in e+e- scattering to hadrons in QCD. Along the way we derive consequences that the N=1 superconformal symmetry puts on three-point functions of two current superfields with an arbitrary superconformal primary operator. Using those constraints we construct a ``supermultiplet'' of OPEs. Finally, we give approximations to soft masses, which can be used even in strongly-coupled theories.