Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
In this talk we will focus on the supergravity duals of BPS states in N=4 Super Yang-Mills. In particular, we will describe how one can obtain a universal AdS bubbling picture for 1/4 and 1/8 BPS geometries, in analogy with the well-established 1/2 BPS droplet picture of LLM. In addition, we will show how interactions of two-matrix (1/4 BPS) states can be understood in terms of those of the much simpler single matrix (1/2 BPS) states.
Many modified gravity schemes predict a non-zero difference (``gravitational slip\'\') between the Newtonian and longitudinal perturbed metric potentials. Such a slip would affect the growth of large scale structure without altering the expansion history of the universe. We quantify the slip with a new parameter varpi, show the effect of non-zero varpi on the growth of cosmic overdensities, and constrain its value using CMB and weak lensing data.
We point out that the strong CP problem can be resolved by the anthropic principle. The key ideas are to allow explicit breaking(s) of the Peccei-Quinn symmetry which connects the problem to the cosmological constant problem, and to conjecture that the probability distribution of the vacuum energy in the landscape is hierarchical. The axion acquires a large mass from the explicit breaking, and does not contribute to the dark matter abundance.
Moduli stabilization, SUSY breaking and flavor structure are discussed in 5D gauged supergravity models with two vector-multiplet moduli fields. One modulus field makes the fermion mass hierarchy while the other is relevant to the SUSY breaking mediation. We analyse the potential for the moduli from the viewpoint of the 4D effective theory to obtain the stabilized values of the moduli and their F-terms.
I will discuss recent results from the Cosmic Shear component of the CFHT Legacy Survey. These results reach very large scales, allowing a measurement of poper spectrum of matter fluctuations in the linear regime, and of cosmological parameters.
An electroweak singlet coupling through the Higgs portal has a natural mass scale $m_Ssim m_h$. In this mass range its annihilation cross section is dominated by proximity to the $W$, $Z$ and Higgs peaks. Analysis of the $gamma$ ray signal from electroweak singlet annihilation in the mass range $80,mathrm{GeV}
We study the necessary and sufficient topological conditions for general Calabi-Yaus to get a non-supersymmetric AdS exponentially large volume minimum of the scalar potential in flux compactifications of IIB string theory. It turns out that string loop corrections play a crucial role to realise exponentially large volume minima for fibration Calabi-Yaus and to stabilise 4-cycles which support chiral matter.
We briefly discuss the potential cosmological implications of our results.