Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
This talk will be a heuristic discussion of the challenges for the big bang inflationary picture and possible approaches for addressing them.
I will discuss a novel framework of the very early universe which addresses the traditional horizon and flatness problems of big bang cosmology and predicts a scale invariant spectrum of perturbations. Unlike
inflation, this scenario requires no exponential superluminal expansion of
I analyze the various roles of infinity in current thinking about cosmology. Topics include initial conditions, attractor behavior, inflation and the precision and meaning of quantum measurements. I review the de Sitter equilibrium cosmology as an example of a finite cosmology, and present some new predictions that permit observable tests.
In many respects, de Sitter space behaves like a system at finite temperature in finite volume. I will extend this to include the lack of first-order phase transitions. This rules out exponential decay in the de Sitter landscape, which changes the global structure in a significant way.
Inflationary cosmology not only provided a simple solution to various cosmological problems, but also made predictions later confirmed by observations. Despite of its success, a straightforward extrapolation of the theory to higher energy scales led to new problems and seems to require new physics. In this talk I review the new problems, discuss their possible resolutions and speculate on possible predictions of the new physics.
I will introduce a simple 6d model of flux compactification that shows a remarkable rich landscape of vacua with different number of large and compact dimensions. I will then describe the instantons interpolating between these different vacua as well as some the implications of a transdimensional multiverse of this form.
In its best understood version, the Steinhardt-Turok cyclic universe contains two crucial ingredients: an unstable field trajectory during the ekpyrotic phase, and the subsequent brane collision corresponding to the crunch/bang transition. These two features act as strong selection principles and determine the broad physical properties of the universe emerging from the bang. As such, they significantly alleviate (and perhaps resolve) the measure problem that is inherent to all cosmological models that produce universes with a range of physical properties.
TBA
Galaxy clusters are the biggest gravitationally bound structures in the Universe. Simple features of these objects can help us reconstruct the initial conditions at the Big-Bang and test the fundamental laws of physics.