Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
We use powerful concentration of measure techniques to study how many states are useful for quantum metrology, i.e., give a precision in parameter estimation surpassing fundamental limits in the classical case. First, we show that random pure multiparticle states do not lead to quantum enhancement. Conversely, we prove that typical pure states on the symmetric (bosonic) subspace achieve Heisenberg scaling with probability approaching unity for any fixed Hamiltonian encoding. We generalize our results to random mixed states having the fixed spectrum and study the impact of particle losses.
We study restrictions on locality-preserving unitary logical gates for topological quantum codes in two spatial dimensions. A locality-preserving operation is one which maps local operators to local operators --- for example, a constant-depth quantum circuit of geometrically local gates, or evolution for a constant time governed by a geometrically-local bounded-strength Hamiltonian. Locality-preserving logical gates of topological codes are intrinsically fault tolerant because spatially localized errors remain localized, and hence sufficiently dilute errors remain correctable.
Long-range quantum entanglement is now being recognized as a key characteristic of many novel states of quantum matter. The description of this entanglement requires the introduction of emergent “gauge fields”, much like those found in Maxwell’s theory of light. I will highlight some recent experiments on the copper-based high temperature superconductors, and interpret them using theories of emergent gauge fields.
Time in quantum mechanics has duly received a lot of attention over the years. Perfect clocks which can turn on/off a particular interaction at a precise time that have been proposed only exist in infinite dimensions and have unphysical Hamiltonians (their spectrum is unbounded from below). It was this observation which led many to conclude that an operator for time cannot exist in quantum mechanics. Here, we prove rigorous results about the accuracy of finite dimensional clocks and show that they can well approximate their infinite dimensional counterparts under the right conditions.
The LHCb detector was designed to be the dedicated heavy-flavor physics experiment at the LHC, and has been the world's premier lab for studying processes where the net quark content changes for several years. These studies permit observing virtual contributions from beyond the SM particles up to very high mass scales, potentially (greatly) exceeding the direct reach of the LHC. I will summarize the constraints placed on high-mass BSM physics by such studies, and also highlight a few interesting anomalies.