Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA).
PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
I will review recent work in our group using Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG) to search for and study quantum spin liquid and topologically ordered states in two dimensional model Hamiltonians. This proves an efficient way to study these phases in semi-realistic situations. I will try to draw lessons from several studies and theoretical considerations.
Theorists have been studying and classifying entanglement in many-particle quantum states for many years. In the past few years, experiments on such states have finally appeared, generating much excitement. I will describe experimental observations on magnetic insulators, ultracold atoms, and high temperature superconductors, and their invigorating influence on our theoretical understanding.
We discuss the general features of charge transport of quantum critical points described by CFTs in 2+1D. Our main tool is the AdS/CFT correspondence, but we will make connections to standard field theory results and to recent quantum Monte Carlo data. We emphasize the importance of poles and zeros of the response functions. In the holographic setting, these are the discrete quasinormal modes of a black hole/brane; they map to the excitations of the CFT. We further describe the role of particle-vortex or S-duality on the conductivity, which is argued to obey two powerful sum rules.
In this talk, I will discuss about the notion of quantum renormalization group, and explain how (D+1)-dimensional gravitational theories naturally emerge as dual descriptions for D-dimensional quantum field theories. It will be argued that the dynamical gravitational field in the bulk encodes the entanglement between low energy modes and high energy modes of the corresponding quantum field theory.
We will point out that there is a universal thermodynamical property of entanglement entropy for excited states. We will derive this by using the AdS/CFT correspondence in any dimension. We will also directly confirm this property from direct field theoretic calculations in two dimensions. We will define a new quantity called entanglement density by taking derivatives of entanglement entropy with respect to the shape of subsystem.
In quantum systems with symmetry, the same topological phase can be enriched by symmetry in different ways, resulting in different symmetry transformations of the superselection sectors in the phase. However, not all symmetry transformations are allowed on the superselection sectors in topological phases in purely 2D systems. In this talk, I will discuss some examples of such symmetry enrichment of topological phases, which seem to be consistent with the fusion and braiding rules of the superselection sectors in the theory but are nonetheless impossible to realize in 2D.
"psi-epistemic" view is that the quantum state does not represent a
state of the world, but a state of knowledge about the world. It is
motivated, in part, by the observation of qualitative similarities between
characteristic properties of non-orthogonal quantum wavefunctions and between
overlapping classical probability distributions. It might be suggested
that this gives a natural explanation for these properties, which seem puzzling
for the alternative "psi-ontic" view. I will examine two such
I will discuss a family of solvable 3D lattice models that have a ``trivial" bulk, in which all excitations are confined, but exhibit topologically ordered surface states. I will discuss perturbations to these models that can drive a phase transition in which some of these excitations become deconfined, driving the system into a phase with bulk topological order.