Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
This talk will summarize some recent results in bimetric theory, including the existence of the square-root matrix, possible connection to partial masslessness and conformal gravity, the structure of constraints and finally, the cosmological implications of the theory.
Theories with large kinetic interactions have very relevant phenomenological applications in cosmology, in particular in the context of cosmic acceleration. Their Effective Field Theory (EFT) description relies on the so-called Vainshtein effect being operative. When incorporated at the quantum level, this mechanism ensures the validity of the theory in a non-trivial way. I will discuss how to estimate the regime of validity of such EFTs on the basis of computing the quantum corrections to the classical theory.
I will review the notorious cosmological constant problem, sometimes described as the worst fine tuning problem in Physics. I will explain the true nature of the problem, which is one of radiative instability against any change in the effective description. I will recall Weinberg’s venerable no-go theorem that prohibits certain attempts to “solve” this problem before going on to explain a new mechanism that circumvents Weinberg.
I will discuss generalizations and no-go theorems for generalizations to p-forms of Galileon actions
We show how nonlinearly realized N=2 supersymmetry gives rise, in the low-energy limit, to an N=1 Born-Infeld U(1) Lagrangian. We then extend the construction to many N=2 vector multiplets. We show how the classification of inequivalent nilpotency constraints arising in the low-energy limit is connected to the theory of cubic polynomials and curves. We comment on causality of signal propagation in these systems.
The gauge/gravity enables us to learn about quantum gravity by solving gauge theory. This is not an easy task, of course, and hence numerical techniques should play important roles. So far, properties of super Yang-Mills theories with Euclidean signature, such as the thermodynamic properties, have been studied by using Monte Carlo methods, and good agreement with the dual gravity prediction has been observed, including stringy corrections, both alpha prime and and g_s. Still, the real-time properties are not well understood.