Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Application of numerical simulations to quantum gravity are so far largely neglected yet they possess remarkable potential to learn more about the theory. For approaches that attempt to construct quantum spacetime from fundamental microscopical building blocks e.g. spin foam models the collective behaviour involving many building blocks is unexplored.Therefore we numerically simulate the collective dynamics of many of these building blocks using coarse graining techniques i.e.
Many biological data sets and relationships can be modeled as graphs. Understanding how structure of these graphs relates to biological function is essential for understanding underlining mechanisms of disease and for aiding drug discoveries. Vertices of biological graphs represent individual entities such as genes and proteins. Edges represent the relationship between two cellular components such as physical and functional interactions. A challenging problem in the post-genomic era is graph comparisons as they are large typed complex and evolving.
Buoyancy driven flows at the top of the ocean or bottom of the atmosphere are inherently different from their interior dynamics. Oneidealized model that has recently become very popular to idealizethese surface flows with strong rotation is Surface Quasi-Geostrophic (SQG) dynamics. This model is appropriate for large-scale dynamics and assumes the motion is in near geostrophic and hydrostatic balance.
Along with the development of computational resources computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has evolved in resolving the finest length scales and smallest time scales of the flow. Direct numerical simulation (DNS) resolves the finest flow scales known as Kolmogorov length scales which are responsible for the dissipation of the energy transferred from the large and intermediate length scales. However DNS simulations are computationally costly and demand very powerful resources which are not widely available to this day.
The numerical solution of nonlinear partial differential equations with nontrivial boundary conditions is central to many areas of modelling. When high accuracy is required (pseudo) spectral methods are usually the first choice. Typically in this approach we search for the pre-image under a linear operator which represents a combination of spatial derivatives along with the boundayr conditions in every time step. This operator can be quite ill-conditioned.
Polymer additives are known to cause significant reduction in turbulent friction drag and reduce the energy dissipation rate of fluid transport. This effect is however bounded by a universal upper limit the maximum drag reduction (MDR) asymptote that does not change with polymer properties. Understanding MDR remains an important unsolved problem in the areas of turbulence and non-Newtonian fluid mechanics. Dynamical trajectories on the boundary in state space between laminar and turbulent plane channel flow - edge states - are computed for Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids.
The passage of long biological molecules from one side of a membrane to the other through a nanoscale hole has been the subject of intense research in recent years. Motivated by the possibility of new sequencing technologies the focus of this work has been studying the translocation of DNA across biological and synthetic membranes. In this talk I will present results from a joint experimental-simulation study examining the translocation of rod-like fd viruses through a nanopore.
We will present recent developments in the search for complementary sequences namely new theoretical and algorithmic progress. SHARCNET resources are used quite heavily in this project.
We review the formalism of matrix product states and one of its recent generalisations which allows to variationally determine the dispersion relation of elementary excitations in generic one-dimensional quantum spin chains. These elementary excitations dominate the low energy effective behaviour of the system. We discuss recent work where we show how we can also describe the effective interaction between these excitations – as mediated by the strongly correlated ground state – and how we can extract the corresponding S matrix.
There is a close connection between Symmetry Protected Topological Phases and anomalies: a surface of an SPT phase typically has a global symmetry with a nonvanishing 't Hooft anomaly which is canceled by the anomaly inflow from the bulk. This observation together with the known results about the classification of SPT phases suggest that anomalies are much more ubiquitous than thought previously and do not require chiral fermions We elucidate the physical mechanism of anomalies and give examples of bosonic theories with 't Hooft anomalies in various dimensions.