Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Even the greatest scientists have made some serious blunders. "Brilliant Blunders" concerns the evolution of life on Earth, of the Earth itself, of stars, and of the universe as a whole.
In this talk, astrophysicist Dr. Mario Livio will explore and analyze major errors committed by such luminaries as Charles Darwin, Linus Pauling, and Albert Einstein. Dr. Livio will scrutinize the various types of blunders and attempt to explain how they happen. Blunders are not only inevitable, argues Dr. Livio, but also an integral component of the process of science.
I will discuss the stability and breakdown of the topological classification of gapped ground states of non-interacting fermions, the tenfold way, in the presence of quartic fermion-fermion interactions. In our approach [1], the effects of interactions on the boundary gapless modes are encoded in terms of boundary dynamical masses. Breakdown of the non-interacting topological classification occurs when the quantum nonlinear sigma models for the boundary dynamical masses favor quantum disordered phases.
I will discuss how we constrain properties of the universe using two
tracers of large scale structure measured by the BOSS (Baryon
Oscillations Spectroscopic Experiment): galaxies and Lyman-alpha
forest. I will show recent results from baryonic acoustic oscillations
measured in both tracers and discuss cosmological implications. I
will briefly mention other measurements and consider forecasts for
quasar-forest bispectrum to constrain primordial non-Gaussianity.
Topological factorization homology is an invariant of manifolds which enjoys a hybrid of the structures in topological field theory, and in singular homology. These invariants are especially interesting when we restrict attention to the factorization homology of surfaces, with coefficients in braided tensor categories. In this talk, I would like to explain a technique, related to Beck monadicity, which allows us to compute these abstractly defined categories, as modules for explicitly computable, and in many cases well-known, algebras.
Physically, there's no reason to expect that the A model (as encoded by Gromov-Witten invariants and the Fukaya category) should be related to the theory of cobordisms between D branes. However, it seems that for the A model on convex symplectic targets, the theory of Lagrangian cobordisms detects many invariants of the Fukaya category, and may even recover it--put another way, it seems one can enrich the algebraic structures of the A model as being linear over cobordism spectra.
I will review recent progress on theory of many-body localization, mostly focusing on properties of the many-body localized phase itself.
I will discuss explicit construction of effective Hamiltonians governing the dynamics of conserved quantities. The analysis reveals several inequivalent length scales in the system, some of which do not appear to diverge on the approach to the thermalized phase.
Experimental protocols to measure these length scales will also be discussed.
Numerical results suggest that the quantum Hall effect at {\nu} = 5/2 is described by the Pfaffian or anti-Pfaffian state in the absence of disorder and Landau level mixing. Those states are incompatible with the observed transport properties of GaAs heterostructures, where disorder and Landau level mixing are strong. We show that the recent proposal of a PH-Pfaffian topological order by Son is consistent with all experiments. The absence of the particle-hole symmetry at {\nu} =
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