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Video Library

Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres.  Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.  Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA)PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org. 

  

 

Thursday Jun 08, 2017
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Models of gravitational waveforms play a critical role in detecting and characterizing the gravitational waves (GWs) from compact binary coalescences.  Waveforms from numerical relativity (NR), while highly accurate, are too computationally expensive to produce to be directly used in parameter estimation. We propose a Gaussian process regression (GPR) method to generate accurate reduced-order-model waveforms based only on existing accurate (e.g. NR) simulations.

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Thursday Jun 08, 2017
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CdEr2Se4, a spinel, was shown to be the first spin ice in a crystal structure other than the rare earth pyrochlore [1]. Although it has the correct entropy, the exact nature of the spin ice state therein, especially the form of the spin correlation function was not further established. A further particularity was the spin relaxation time, which, at low temperature, was found to display a similar activation energy to that of a canonical spin ice, yet the dynamics are three orders of magnitude faster.

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Thursday Jun 08, 2017
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The true magnetic ground state in thermally equilibrated classical spin ice compounds such as Dy2Ti2O7 remains an important but yet to be settled issue. In this talk, I will present our recent neutron scattering study of static and dynamic magnetic correlations in isotope-enriched 162Dy2Ti2O7 single-crystal samples. Implications within the context of possible quantum effects in dipolar spin ice based on our neutron results will be discussed as well.

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Thursday Jun 08, 2017
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By means of neutron scattering measurements, we have observed magnetic fragmentation in the pyrochlore oxide Nd2Zr2O7, in which the Nd3+ ion has a strong Ising character and ferromagnetic interactions are inferred from the positive Curie-Weiss temperature θCW = 195 mK [2]. In this system, an “all in - all out” ordered state, with a reduced magnetic moment, coexists below TN = 285 mK with a fluctuating state [3].

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Thursday Jun 08, 2017
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This talk will outline recent measurements on the dipolar-octupolar rare earth pyrochlores Nd2Zr2O7 and Nd2Hf2O7. Measurements of their crystal field excitations allows the wavefunction of their ground state Kramer’s doublet to be determined. Both compounds develop long-range magnetic order and their Hamiltonians are extracted by comparing inelastic neutron scattering data to spin-wave theory at low temperatures. The Hamiltonians are used to qualitatively explain AC magnetization measurements as well as neutron data collected in an applied magnetic field.

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Thursday Jun 08, 2017
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Quantum spin ice, modeled for magnetic rare-earth pyrochlores, has attracted great interest for hosting a U(1) quantum spin liquid, which involves spin-ice monopoles as gapped deconfined spinons, as well as gapless excitations analogous to photons. However, the global phase diagram under a [111] magnetic field remains open.

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Thursday Jun 08, 2017
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Yb2Ti2O7 and Tb2Ti2O7 share the common point to sit at the edge between different phases. This multiphase competition makes the characterization of their low-temperature physics a challenge and, more generally, brings another degree of complexity to rare-earth pyrochlores. In this talk, we will take two different approaches to study these materials. For Yb2Ti2O7, we explicitly investigate the influence of thermal and quantum fluctuations in this competition, with finite-temperature order by disorder and quantum shifting of the phase boundaries.

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Wednesday Jun 07, 2017
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Yb2Ti2O7 is a geometrically frustrated magnet that proposed as a quantum spin liquid (QSL) candidate. This would have an emergent U(1) gauge structure, support emergent quasiparticles and a continuum of gapless spin excitations. A cubic power law dependence is expected in the specific heat down to zero temperature. [1,2] Identifying a power law is hindered by the presence of a sharp transition at 0.26K and a Schottky anomaly due to nuclear hyperfine interactions below 0.1K.

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Wednesday Jun 07, 2017
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We investigate the usefulness of ground states of quantum spin chains with symmetry-protected topological order (SPTO) for measurement-based quantum computation. We show that, in spatial dimension one, if an SPTO phase supports quantum wire, then, subject to an additional symmetry condition that is satisfied in all cases so far investigated, it can also be used for quantum computation. Joint work with Dongsheng Wang, Abhishodh Prakash, Tzu-Chieh Wei and David Stephen; See arXiv:1609.07549v1

 

Wednesday Jun 07, 2017
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The erbium and ytterbium rare earth pyrochlores exhibit local XY spin anisotropy. Experimental and theoretical investigations of XY pyrochlores have revealed a strong propensity for quantum magnetic phenomena, such as order-by-disorder and the quantum spin ice state. We have conducted a systematic investigation of the family of XY pyrochlores, Yb2B2O7 and Er2B2O7, spanning many non-magnetic B site cations (B = Ge, Ti, Pt, and Sn).

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