Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Superconducting circuit technology has rapidly developed over the past several years to become a leading contender for realizing a scalable quantum computer. Modern circuit designs are based on the transmon qubit, which coherently superposes macroscopic charge oscillations. Measurements of a transmon are fundamentally weak and continuous in time, with projective measurements emerging only after a finite duration. Adding gates, such measurements may then implement ancilla-based measurements of controllable strength.
The Kochen-Specker (KS) theorem can gives rise to logical paradoxes under pre- and post-selection in which the contextual behavior is confined to specific observables of a system. Weak measurements allow direct experimental observation of the nonclassical behavior of these specific observables. This presents an experimental advantage over other tests of KS inequalities which rule out a particular class of counterfactual noncontextual hidden variable models, but can never specify where the contradiction occurs, nor make any direct observation of its consequences.
Quantum tunneling is one such phenomenon that is essential for a number of devices that are now taken for granted. However, our understanding of quantum tunneling dynamics is far from complete, and there are still a number of theoretical and experimental challenges. The dynamics of the quantum tunneling process can be investigated if we can create a large tunneling region. We have achieved this using a linear Paul trap and a quantum tunneling rotor, which has resulted in the successful observation of the Aharonov–Bohm effect in tunneling particles.
The question of the time reversibility of quantum mechanics with measurements is one that has been debated for some time. In this talk, I will present new work exploring our ability to distinguish the forward from the time-reverse measurement records of continuous quantum measurements. The question involves both the conditions for the time-reversibility of the quantum trajectory equations of motion, as well as statistical distinguishability of the arrow of time.
I will present our recent experimental work using electromagnetically induced transparency in laser-cooled atoms to measure the nonlinear phase shift created by a single post-selected photon, and its enhancement through "weak-value amplification." Put simply, due to the striking effects of "post-selective" quantum measurements, a (very uncertain) measurement of photon number can yield an average value much larger than one, even when it is carried out on a single photon.
The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a next-generation radio telescope scheduled to commence construction in 2018. The SKA will be one of a small set of billion-dollar facilities that collectively span the electromagnetic spectrum, and will be an order of magnitude more sensitive than any other radio facility.