Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, public outreach events such as talks from top scientists using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities.
Recordings of events in these areas are all available and On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Accessibly by anyone with internet, Perimeter aims to share the power and wonder of science with this free library.
Key to characterizing universality in critical systems is the identification of the RG fixed point, which is very often a conformal field theory (CFT). We show how to use lattice operators that mimic the Virasoro generators of conformal symmetry to systematically extract, from a generic critical quantum spin chain, a complete set of the conformal data (central charge, scaling dimensions of primary fields, OPE coefficients) specifying a 2D CFT.
The theory of relativity associates a proper time with each moving object via its spacetime trajectory. In quantum theory on the other hand, such trajectories are forbidden. I will discuss an operation approach to exploring this conflict, considering the average time measured by a quantum clock in the weak-field, low-velocity limit. Considering the role of the clock’s state of motion, one finds that all ``good'' quantum clocks experience the time dilation prescribed by general relativity for the most classical states of motion.
We discuss recent progress in theory and experiment on emergent topological phases in Kitaev materials. Here the competition between different anisotropic spin-exchange interactions may lead to a number of exotic phases of matter. We investigate possible emergence of quantum spin liquid, topological magnons, and topological superconductivity in two and three dimensional systems. We make connections to existing and future experiments.
It is an open question how well tensor network states in the form of an infinite projected entangled-pair states (iPEPS) tensor network can approximate gapless quantum states of matter. In this talk we address this issue for two different physical scenarios: (i) a conformally invariant (2+1)d quantum critical point in the incarnation of the transverse-field Ising model on the square lattice and (ii) spontaneously broken continuous symmetries with gapless Goldstone modes exemplified by the S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg and XY models on the square lattice.
Fisher Matrix for CMB
In the first half, I will demonstrate an efficient and general approach for realizing non-trivial quantum states, such as quantum critical and topologically ordered states, in quantum simulators. In the second half, I will present a related variational ansatz for many-body quantum systems that is remarkably efficient. In particular, representing the critical point of the one-dimensional transverse field Ising model only requires a number of variational parameters scaling logarithmically with system size.
We introduce an isometric restriction of the tensor-network ansatz that allows for highly efficient contraction of the network. We consider two concrete applications using this ansatz. First, we show that a matrix-product state representation of a 2D quantum state can be iteratively transformed into an isometric 2D tensor network. Second, we introduce a 2D version of the time-evolving block decimation algorithm (TEBD2) for approximating the ground state of a Hamiltonian as an isometric tensor network, which we demonstrate for the 2D transverse field Ising model.
KMS thermalization of constantly accelerating detector
In the context of quantum spin liquids, it is long known that the condensation of fractionalized excitations will inevitably break certain physical symmetries sometimes. For example, condensing spinons will usually break spin rotation and time reversal symmetries. We generalize these phenomena to generic continuous quantum phase transitions between symmetry enriched topological orders driven by anyon condensation. We provide a generic rule to determine whether a symmetry is enforced to break across an anyon condensation transition.
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