This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
The entanglement entropy of the vacuum of a quantum field theory contains information about physics at all scales and is UV sensitive. A simple refinement of entanglement entropy gets rid of its UV divergence, and allows us to extract entanglement per scale. In two and three spacetime dimensions this quantity can be used as a proxy for the number of degrees of freedom, as it decreases under RG flow. We investigate its behavior around fixed points, and reveal its interesting analytic structure in the space of couplings.
There have been a number of attempts to achieve a localization of gravity on a braneworld hypersurface embedded in an infinite spacetime, but these have all fallen short of what might be desired, for various reasons. There have even been no-go theorems claimed for constructions made using just accepted elements of string or M theory. The talk will present a proposed resolution of this problem based upon a hyperbolic solution of type IIA theory with a superposed NS-5 brane.
This talk focuses on vacuum moduli spaces of N=4 supersymmetric field theories in three dimensions. A particular branch of the moduli space, known as the Coulomb branch, receives quantum corrections. We present an exact result, known as the Hilbert series, that enumerates the operators in the chiral ring of such a quantum Coulomb branch. This exact result can be applied to a large class of 3d supersymmetric field theories, with and without known Lagrangian descriptions.
We compute the exact two-sphere, disk and real projective plane partition functions of two-dimensional supersymmetric theories using the localization technique. From these new results, we will attack old and new important problems in the string theory on Calabi-Yau spaces, and D-branes and Orientifold planes therein.
The dilaton effective action plays a key role for the recent proof of the a-theorem by Schwimmer and Komargodski. In the presence of other massless modes, one may ask if this proof is affected. In particular, in renormalization group (RG) flows with N=1 supersymmetry, there is a natural massless partner of the dilaton, namely an axion field. I will discuss RG flows, the a-theorem, and the form of the N=1 supersymmetric dilaton-axion effective action and its physics.
We investigate far from equilibrium energy transport in strongly coupled quantum critical systems. Combining results from gauge-gravity duality, relativistic hydrodynamics, and quantum field theory, we argue that long-time energy transport after a local thermal quench occurs via a universal steady-state for any spatial dimensionality. This is described by a boosted thermal state. We determine the transport properties of this emergent steady state, including the average energy flow and its long-time fluctuations.
In this presentation, evidence is given that supersymmetrical theories may be exceptional in their ability to conserve information about space-time representations under the impact of dimensional compactification. This is the essence of the concept of ``SUSY Holography.''
The physics of black hole horizons is intimately connected to the physics of quantum liquids. In this talk I will review the connection and draw lessons about quantum turbulence from black hole dynamics and vice versa. For example, gravitational dynamics reveal that quantum turbulence can behave very differently from normal fluid turbulence in 2d, with long-wavelength excitations rapidly dissolving into small fluctuations and dissipating as in a 3d normal liquid.