This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
In this talk I will summarise the recent progress in AdS/CFT due to the construction of the new infinite family of Sasaki-Einstein metrics Y^{p,q}, and their dual superconformal gauge theories. I will review some aspects of Sasaki-Einstein geometry and the main features of the Y^{p,q} metrics. I will then discuss the use of toric geometry to obtain a description of the corresponding Y^{p,q} Calabi-Yau singularities. I will explain how the AdS/CFT dual N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories were constructed using the combined information obtained from the metrics and the toric singularities.
Using the numerical data of the UBC group simulation, an analysis is done of the properties of the horizon of an evolving black string. The results are consistent with pinch off in infinite affine parameter
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) is our most direct cosmological observable, encoding critical information about the evolution and development of the universe. The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) has measured the angular power spectrum of the CMB temperature and temperature-polarization power spectra with unprecedented accuracy from its first year in flight.