This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
We study the sub-structure of heterotic Kahler moduli space due to the presence of non-Abelian internal gauge fields from the perspective of the four-dimensional effective theory. Internal gauge fields can be supersymmetric in some regions of Kahler moduli space but break supersymmetry in others. In the context of the four-dimensional theory, we investigate what happens when the Kahler moduli are changed from the supersymmetric to the non-supersymmetric region.
We present a string dual to finite temperature N=4 SYM coupled to Nf massless flavors with abelian symmetry. The solution includes the backreaction of the flavor up to second order in the ratio N_f/N_c times the 't Hooft coupling at the temperature of the dual QGP. The thermodynamics show a departure from conformality as a second order effect, and the energy loss of a quark through the plasma is enhanced by new degrees of freedom.
By using the AdS/CFT duality, the computation of MSYM scattering amplitudes at strong coupling boils down to the computation of minimal areas on AdS_5 with certain boundary conditions. Unfortunately, this seems to be a hard problem. In this talk we show how one can make progress by restricting to AdS_3.
I review the status of (open covariant) cubic superstring field theories, their successes and their problems. I then propose a new superstring field theory, which avoids previous problems. The picture number is not restricted in this theory and the NS and Ramond sectors are naturally unified. Constructing the BV master action is straightforwards and leads to a theory which is defined in the whole Hilbert space, i.e., including all ghost and picture numbers and all the relevant sectors. When (partially) gauge fixed and restricted to the NS sector, this new theory reduces to the old one.
The massless fields of closed string theory on toroidal backgrounds naturally depend on coordinates dual to momentum and coordinates dual to winding. Their dynamical theory, which contains gravitation, must include diffeomorphism and dual diffeomorphism invariance. We begin a serious attempt to construct this generalized form of field theory.
We study a simple model of a black hole in AdS and obtain a holographic description of the region inside the horizon,as seen by an infalling observer. For D-brane probes, we construct a map from physics seen by an infalling observer to physics seen by an asymptotic observer that can be generalized to other AdS black holes.
Gauge theories with deformed products of fields in the lagrangian
constitute an interesting generalization of the gauge/string duality.
We review a systematic procedure to find the string duals of such
theories, called the TsT transformation, and illustrate its properties
by means of a few examples.
Recently methods of integrability were shown to be useful for solving gauge theories in various dimensions. I will make an introduction into integrability in two dimensions and demonstrate how the integrability works also for some three and four dimensional gauge theories.