This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
In this talk, I will present a first principle construction of a holographic dual for gauged matrix models. The dual theory is a closed string field theory coupled with an emergent two-form gauge field defined in one higher dimensional space. The bulk space with an extra dimension emerges as a well defined classical background only when the two-form gauge field is in the deconfinement phase. Based on this, it is shown that critical phases that admit holographic descriptions form a novel universality class with a non-trivial quantum order.
Sound waves with long-distance propagation are both a consequence of hydrodynamics, and a danger to hydrodynamics' very existence, as they violate the assumption of local equilibration. In the talk, I will discuss what the thermally excited sound and shear waves do to viscosity. In 2+1 dimensions, the shear viscosity and the diffusion constant cease being independent transport coefficients. In 3+1 dimensions, the fluctuations render the second-order hydrodynamics invalid.
I will discuss three ways in which (the string landscape and) eternal inflation is fun: (1) because it motivates revisiting some beautiful, classic calculations; (2) because its global description requires asking novel questions with possible broad ramifications; and (3) because it leads to experimental predictions.
I will discuss the geometry of heterotic string compactifications with fluxes. The compactifications on 6 dimensional manifolds which preserve N=1 supersymmetry in 4 dimensions must be complex manifolds with vanishing first Chern class, but which are not in general Kahler (and therefore not Calabi-Yau manifolds) together with a vector bundle on the manifold which must satisfy a complicated differential equation. The flux, which can be viewed as a torsion, is the obstruction to the manifold being Kahler.
For stationary black holes it is universally agreed that entropy is proportional to horizon area. It is not so clear what the relationship is for dynamical black holes. In such spacetimes the event horizon is teleologically defined while the apparent horizon is non-unique. Thus even if one believes that entropy continues to be well-defined and proportional to horizon area, there are many possible areas to choose from. In this work I will review some recent work that I have done with M. Heller, G.
We perform an exact localization calculation for the expectation value of Wilson-'t Hooft line operators in N=2 gauge theories on S^1 x R^3.
The expectation values form a quantum mechanically deformed algebra of functions on the Hitchin moduli space by Moyal multiplication. We demonstrate that these expectation values are the Weyl transform of the Verlinde operators, which acts on conformal blocks as difference operators. Our results are also in exact match with the predictions from wall-crossing in the IR effective theory.
In recent years there has been a lot of interest in F-Theory GUTs, mostly considering local models. In this talk I first consider an SU(5) GUT locally at the "point of E_8". The requirements of proton stability and reasonable flavour structure single out exactly two models. However, both models cannot be embedded in a semilocal construction (via the spectral cover approach). This casts doubts on the predictivity of local models.
I will first summarize recent exact localization computations of supersymmetric gauge theories, and then discuss curious connections between SUSY/non-SUSY theories coming from 6d (2,0) theories. I particular, I will focus on our recent proposal relating 3d N=2 theories and 3d SL(2,R) Chern-Simons theories (or more mathematically, geometry of 3-manifolds).
Effective field theory is an indispensable tool for the analysis of emergent theories, in which we may know little about the UV degrees of freedom of the theory, and still tremendous amount of information can be revealed only by guessing the light degrees of freedom and symmetries. In this talk I will make use of this tool to describe the quantum theory of emergent long strings, open or closed, where the string need not be fundamental (thus not critical), nor it is strictly one dimensional.