This series consists of weekly discussion sessions on foundations of quantum Theory and quantum information theory. The sessions start with an informal exposition of an interesting topic, research result or important question in the field. Everyone is strongly encouraged to participate with questions and comments.
The entanglement properties of random quantum states or dynamics are important to the study of a broad spectrum of disciplines of physics, ranging from quantum information to high energy
(1) Entanglement-enhanced quantum sensing: parameter estimation and hypothesis testing.
(2) Security from entanglement: quantum key distribution.
(3) Entanglement enhanced communication: channel capacity and additivity issues.
(4) Some open problems.
We discuss some applications of a result on the convex combination of the quantum states (that we refer to as convex-split technique) and its variants. In the framework of Quantum Resource theory, we provide an operational way of characterizing the amount of resource in a given quantum state, for a large class of resource theories.
From a quantum information perspective, we will study universal features of chaotic quantum systems.
Quantum error correction -- originally invented for quantum computing -- has proven itself useful in a variety of non-computational physical systems, as the ideas of QEC are broadly applicable.
Generally speaking, physicists still experience that computing with paper and pencil is in most cases simpler than computing with a Computer Algebra System.
The surface code is currently the leading proposal to achieve fault-tolerant quantum computation. Among its strengths are the plethora of known ways in which fault-tolerant Clifford operations can be performed, namely, by deforming the topology of the surface, by the fusion and splitting of codes, and even by braiding engineered Majorana modes using twist defects. Here, we present a unified framework to describe these methods, which can be used to better compare different schemes and to facilitate the design of hybrid schemes.
We present an in-depth study of the domain walls available in the color code. We begin by presenting new boundaries which gives rise to a new family of color codes. Interestingly, the smallest example of such a code consists of just 4 qubits and weight three parity check measurements, making it an accessible playground for today's experimentalists interested in small scale experiments on topological codes. Secondly, we catalogue the twist defects that are accessible with the color code model.
We first summarize background on the quantum capacity of a quantum channel, and explain why we know very little about this fundamental quantity, even for the qubit depolarizing channel (the quantum analogue of the binary symmetric channel) despite 20 years of effort by the community.
While originally motivated by quantum computation, quantum error correction (QEC) is currently providing valuable insights into many-body quantum physics such as topological phases of matter. Furthermore, mounting evidence originating from holography research (AdS/CFT), indicates that QEC should also be pertinent for conformal field theories. With this motivation in mind, we introduce quantum source-channel codes, which combine features of lossy-compression and approximate quantum error correction, both of which are predicted in holography.