Perimeter Institute Quantum Discussions

This series consists of weekly discussion sessions on foundations of quantum Theory and quantum information theory. The sessions start with an informal exposition of an interesting topic, research result or important question in the field. Everyone is strongly encouraged to participate with questions and comments.

Seminar Series Events/Videos

Currently there are no upcoming talks in this series.

 

Wednesday Jan 23, 2008
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The renormalization group (RG) is one of the conceptual pillars of statistical mechanics and quantum field theory, and a key theoretical element in the modern formulation of critical phenomena and phase transitions. RG transformations are also the basis of numerical approaches to the study of low energy properties and emergent phenomena in quantum many-body systems. In this colloquium I will introduce the notion of \\\"entanglement renormalization\\\" and use it to define a coarse-graining transformation for quantum systems on a lattice [G.Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett.

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Wednesday Jan 16, 2008
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In this talk, we will investigate the distinguishability of quantum operations from both discrete and continuous point of view. In the discrete case, the main topic is how we can identify quantum measurement apparatuses by considering the patterns of measurement outcomes. In the continuous case, we will focus on the efficiency of parameter estimation of quantum operations. We will discuss several methods that can achieve Heisenberg Limit and prove in some other cases the impossibility of breaking the Standard Quantum Limit.

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Wednesday Jan 09, 2008
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We use a Bayesian approach to optimally solve problems in
noisy binary search. We deal with two variants:
1. Each comparison can be erroneous with some probability 1 - p.
2. At each stage k comparisons can be performed in parallel and
a noisy answer is returned.

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Wednesday Dec 12, 2007
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Roughly speaking, the more Alice is entangled with Bob, the harder it is for her to send her state to Charlie. In particular, it will be shown that the squashed entanglement, a well known entanglement measure, gives the fastest rate at which a quantum state can be sent between two parties
who share arbitrary side information. Likewise, the entanglement of

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Wednesday Nov 28, 2007
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We attempt at characterizing the correlations present in the quantum computational model DQC1, introduced by Knill and Laflamme [Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5672 (1998)]. The model involves a collection of qubits in the completely mixed state coupled to a single control qubit that has nonzero purity. Although there is little or no entanglement between two parts of this system, it provides an exponential speedup in certain problems. On the contrary, we find that the quantum discord across the most natural split is nonzero for typical instances of the DQC1 ciruit.

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Wednesday Nov 21, 2007
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A class of operations distinct to entangled states shared between more than two parties is their conversion to entangled states shared between fewer parties. The extent to which these can be achieved in the regime of local operations and classical communication provides an operational characterisation of multiparty states, for example in the \"entanglement of assistance\" and related quantities. I will give a brief overview of this topic and discuss our results showing qualitatively different behaviour when the parties receiving the final state are not chosen beforehand.

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Wednesday Nov 14, 2007
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We will compare quantum phase estimation from the point of view of quantum computation and quantum metrology. In the simplest cases, the former can be simplified to a sequential (unentangled) protocol, while the latter is parallel (entangled). We show that both protocols can be formally related with circuit identities and that they respond in exactly the same way to decoherence. We present sequential protocols for optimal estimation and frame synchronization in DQC1. Finally, we introduce new estimation protocols based on nonlinear Hamiltonians.

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Wednesday Nov 07, 2007
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Renner\'s global quantum de Finetti theorem establishes that if the state of a quantum system is invariant under permutations of its systems, then almost all of its subsystems are almost in the same state and independent of each other. Motivated by this result, we show that the most straightforward classical analogue of Renner\'s theorem is false.
Joint work with Matthias Christandl (Cambridge).

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Wednesday Oct 31, 2007
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The one clean qubit model is a model of quantum computation in which all but one qubit starts in the maximally mixed state. One clean qubit computers are believed to be strictly weaker than standard quantum computers, but still capable of solving some classically intractable problems. I\'ll discuss my recent work in collaboration with Peter Shor which shows that evaluating a certain approximation to the Jones polynomial at a fifth root of unity for the trace closure of a braid is a complete problem for the one clean qubit complexity class.

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Wednesday Oct 24, 2007

We give a convenient representation for any map which is covariant with respect to an irreducible representation of SU(2), and use this representation to analyze the evolution of a quantum directional reference frame when it is exploited as a resource for performing quantum operations.

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