This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.
The LHC is offering our first glimpses of physics at energies above a TeV, allowing us an unprecedented chance to search for very heavy new particles from electroweak compositeness, new gauge forces, extra dimensions, and supersymmetry. Some of the most interesting signals involve decays into Standard Model particles that we are used to thinking of as "heavy": W/Z bosons, top quarks, and perhaps Higgs bosons. However, at genuinely TeV-scale energies, these SM particles with O(100 GeV) mass are produced with relativistic velocities. Consequently, their own decay products are Lorentz-boo
Supersymmetry is a popular candidate for the 'model beyond the Standard Model', however minimal versions of it are quite constrained by the first year of data from the LHC. In this talk I will focus on supersymmetry scenarios where the gaugino masses are Dirac rather than Majorana. This seemingly innocuous change has a profound impact on collider bounds -- reducing the bound on (1st and 2nd generation) squark masses by nearly a factor of two. In addition, Dirac gaugino scenarios have amazing flavor properties, smoking gun LHC signals, and cosmological implications.
Observing lepton-number violating processes is a decisive step toward establishing the Majorana nature of the neutrino mass. We explore the prospects searching for Delta L = 2 processes and propose the tests for the three types of the Seesaw mechanisms. Potential signals at the LHC
are studied and correlations to the neutrino oscillation parameters are investigated.
Two uncertainties define the prevailing attitude toward the LHC: uncertainty about what new physics it may find (if any); together with dissatisfaction with the "technical naturalness" arguments which (when applied to the hierarchy problem) help suggest what it should be looking for. The dissatisfaction arises because of a wide-spread despair about finding a technically natural solution to the cosmological constant problem, despite much effort spent seeking it.
I will discuss cosmological, astrophysical and collider constraints on thermal dark matter with mass in the range 1 MeV to 10 GeV. CMB observations can be evaded if the DM relic density is sufficiently asymmetric, while collider constraints generally require sufficiently light mediators. These light mediators can give rise to significant DM self-interactions, and I will describe bounds on such interactions from dark matter halo shapes.