This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.
I explain the hierarchy problem of the standard model of particle physics, and discuss some of the ideas which have been put forward to resolve it. I then show that a specific class of theories, built around a framework known as neutral naturalness, can help address this problem while remaining consistent with all current experimental tests. I explain that while certain theories in this class give rise to striking signals, others are extremely difficult to test, and require a detailed study of the properties of the Higgs boson.
Light sterile neutrinos are predicted in many theories beyond the Standard Model and may be hinted at in short-baseline data. However cosmological data seems to rule out these neutrinos. Intriguingly, this tension is ameliorated when these new neutrinos are self-interacting. I will explore the impact of this self-interaction on their evolution in the early universe and on the spectrum and flavor of IceCube's ultrahigh energy neutrinos.
The venerable proton continues to play a central role in fundamental particle physics. Neutrinos scatter from protons in neutrino oscillation experiments, Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are expected to scatter from protons in dark matter searches, and electrons or muons are bound by protons in precision atomic spectroscopy.
I will discuss the recent LHC excess in the di-photon distribution at an invariant mass of 750 GeV. Various explanations in terms of weakly coupled and strongly coupled physics will be presented. Possible connection with Dark Matter will also be discussed.
Understanding the microscopic nature of dark matter (DM) is one of the most outstanding problems facing modern physics. There is to-date no evidence for non-gravitational interactions of DM with the rest of the Standard Model and also no hint for any particular DM mass. My talk with focus on new techniques to search for GeV-TeV scale weakly-interacting DM by looking for DM annihilating in the cosmos into cosmic rays such as gamma-rays and neutrinos.
I will demonstrate that SL(2,Z) duality is a property of all low-energy effective Abelian theories with electric or magnetic charges The duality will be verified at one loop by comparing the amplitudes in the case of an electron and the dyon that is its SL(2,Z) image, and I will show that it can be extended order by order in perturbation theory. I will discuss how the duality generically breaks down at high energies, and show how the results apply to the Seiberg-Witten theory.
In this talk, I discuss several application of semileptonic B-meson form factors. Topics include the determination of $|V_{ub}|$ and $|V_{cb}|$, hints for new physics in semitauonic decays, and Standard-Model predictions for flavor-changing-neutral-current processes: $B\to P\nu\bar{\nu}$ and $B\to P\ell^+\ell^-$, where $P$ denotes a pion or kaon.
I will also cover some details of the underlying lattice-QCD calculations at a nontechnical level.
The Weak Gravity Conjecture (WGC), in its original form, says that given an abelian gauge theory there should be at least one charged particle whose charge is bigger than its mass in Planck units. This has surprisingly powerful implications for the possibility of large-field inflation. In this talk I will explore some of the arguments linking the WGC to inflation before taking a closer look at a different question: which version of the WGC should we be trying to prove?
Axions, having a perturbative shift symmetry, can have masses much smaller than other types of particles in a technically natural way. Ultralight axions (ULAs) with m~10^{-22} eV are attractive dark matter candidates with novel properties that distinguish them from cold dark matter (CDM). A single ULA with a GUT scale decay constant provides the correct relic density without fine-tuning. Quantum gravitational effects are expected to break continuous global symmetries, and may spoil the axion potential.