This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.
The Standard Model is currently the theory which describes the most fundamental constituents of matter and the forces which govern their interactions. Since the start-up of the LHC accelerator, the ATLAS detector has collected sufficient data to allow tests of this theory at the smallest distance scales ever probed. The objective is to find significant deviations between the observed data and the Standard Model predictions, revealing the existence of new phenomena.
We propose models of symmetric WIMP dark matter in which dark matter annihilations generate the baryon asymmetry. We call this mechanism "WIMPy baryogenesis". This provides a dynamical connection between the late-time abundances of both dark matter and baryons. We construct explicit models of leptogenesis and baryogenesis at the weak scale, and find the "miraculous" result that, for order one couplings and weak scale masses for any new fields, the baryon asymmetry and dark matter relic density from WIMPy baryogenesis match the observed values.
The LHC has just concluded this year's proton-proton run at 7 TeV CM energy, producing more than 5fb-1of data.
While the full data sample collected by the CMS experiment will be analyzed over the winter, many of the present searches
for new physics have been completed with 1-2 fb-1. In this talk we will present the most recent updates on the search analyses in CMS, including
the Higgs search, searches for supersymmetry, and a plethora of other BSM models, such as extra dimensions, Z's, W_R, leptoquarks, and more.
The Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO) collaboration has observed the two-neutrino double beta decay of 136Xe with EXO-200, a prototype to the full EXO detector in development. This second order process, predicted by the Standard Model, has been observed for several nuclei but not for 136Xe. The observed decay rate provides new input to matrix element calculations and to the search for the more interesting neutrino-less double-beta decay, the most sensitive probe for the existence of Majorana particles and the measurement of the neutrino mass scale.
The simplest technicolor model contains would-be Goldstone bosons to provide masses for the observed W and Z particles, replacing the standard Higgs mechanism. Perhaps surprisingly, it also contains an additional Goldstone boson that is a natural dark matter candidate. A recent lattice simulation has confirmed the symmetry-breaking pattern, explored the mass spectrum of the lightest technihadrons, and established an effective field theory.
The 7 TeV LHC run has the potential to shed light on extensions beyond the Standard Model. I will discuss the prospects for finding new colored particles in an optimistic signature for discovery, heavy flavor jets and missing energy. I will illustrate the use of Simplified Models in guiding the organization of searches and presentation of results. Finally, I will discuss finer jet observables, and their possible applications in understanding Standard Model backgrounds and distinguishing new physics in a jet-rich environment.
We suggest the existence of a fundamental connection between baryonic and dark matter. This is motivated by both the stability of these two types of matter as well as the observed similarity of their present-day densities. A unified genesis of baryonic and dark matter arises naturally in models in which proton stability is ensured by promoting the baryon number to a local symmetry. This is illustrated in a specific class of SUSY models using the Affleck-Dine mechanism.
The hierarchy of the Yukawa couplings is an outstanding problem of the standard model. We present a class of models in which the first and second generation fermions are SUSY partners of pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone bosons that parameterize an E_7/SO(10) Kahler manifold, explaining the small values of these fermion masses relative to those of the third generation. We consider experimental constraints on this scenario, and find that the simplest model with universal gaugino masses is already ruled out by the LHC.
The observed conservation of Baryon and Lepton number may arise because they are gauge symmetries. Models are discussed where Baryon and lepton number are the charges for a spontaneously broken U(1) gauge symmetries. The best of these models is: (1) free of Landau poles that are near the weak scale, (2) has no flavor changing neutral currents at tree level and (3) contains a dark matter candidate.