Particle Physics

This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.

Seminar Series Events/Videos

Currently there are no upcoming talks in this series.

 

Friday May 07, 2010
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The Planck-weak hierarchy is investigated in an extradimensional, soft-wall model originally proposed by Batell and Gherghetta. In this model the soft-wall is dynamically generated by background fields that, in the Einstein frame, cause the metric factor to deviate from anti-de Sitter by a power-law of the conformal coordinate. This talk will demonstrate that in order to achieve the appropriate Planck-weak hierarchy, the power of the conformal coordinate must be less than one.

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Friday May 07, 2010
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An enormous effort is underway to search for the Higgs boson at the LHC. One new development of the past couple of years is to look into the kinematic region where the Higgs boosted, which has led to the possibility to observe the dominant b-bar decay mode as a single "fat jet" when the Higgs is light. I'll discuss how this technique has great promise not only within the Standard Model, but potentially has even greater promise to find a light Higgs in new physics models such as supersymmetry.

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Tuesday Apr 20, 2010
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WIMPless dark matter offers an attractive framework in which dark matter can be very light. We investigate the implications of such scenarios on invisible decays of bottomonium states for dark matter with a mass less than around $5 {\rm GeV}$. We relate these decays to measurements of nucleon-dark matter elastic scattering. We also investigate the effect that a coupling to $s$ quarks has on flavor changing $b\to s$ processes involving missing energy.

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Friday Mar 26, 2010
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Gamma rays from WIMP annihilation are an important signal through which we search for non-gravitational interactions of dark matter. In particular, lines in the energy spectrum of gamma rays provide a signal which is difficult for conventional astrophysics to fake, and are thus promising despite the fact that such lines are generically expect to be suppressed, arising from one loop processes. I will discuss two theories which have an interesting family of gamma ray lines and discuss how such lines can reveal information about the WIMPs and the dark sector.

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Friday Mar 19, 2010
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We investigate a simple theory where Baryon number (B) and Lepton number (L) are local gauge symmetries. In this theory B and L are on the same footing and the anomalies are cancelled by adding a single new fermionic generation. There is an interesting realization of the seesaw mechanism for neutrino masses. Furthermore there is a natural suppression of flavour violation in the quark and leptonic sectors since the gauge symmetries and particle content forbid tree level flavor changing neutral currents involving the quarks or charged leptons.

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Friday Mar 05, 2010
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I will review the progress made in our understanding of the QCD phase diagram within an RG approach to QCD and effective QCD models. In particular this includes a discussion of the confinement-deconfinement phase transition/cross-over, the chiral phase transition/cross-over, as well as their interrelation.

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Friday Feb 12, 2010
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The sneutrino is a viable NLSP candidate in SUSY with gravitino LSP. In
my talk I will focus on this possibility, in particular concentrating on
the question of whether the LHC can distinguish spectra with a sneutrino
NLSP from alternatives, e.g. ones with neutralino LSP. I will show that
there are at least two different families of experimentally allowed
spectra with sneutrino NLSP which exhibit distinctive multilepton
signals. These spectra are not easy to fake within the MSSM. I will

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Friday Jan 29, 2010
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Final states involving hadronic jets are an important background to new physics processes in colliders, as well as a probe of QCD over a large range of energies. Because the physics of jets involves multiple energy scales, they are both complex theoretically and ideally suited to study using effective field theory techniques. In this talk I will discuss some recent progress in using effective field theory to describe the physics of jets.

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Friday Jan 15, 2010
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It is usually assumed that dark matter direct detection is sensitive to a large fraction of the dark matter (DM) velocity distribution. I will explain an alternative form of dark matter-nucleus scattering which only probes a narrow range of DM velocities due to the existence of a resonance, a DM-nucleus bound state, in the scattering - resonant dark matter (rDM). The scattering cross section becomes highly element dependent, has increased modulation and as a result can explain the DAMA/LIBRA results whilst not being in conflict with other direct detection experiments.

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Tuesday Dec 15, 2009
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When a pair of particles is produced close to threshold, they may form a bound state if the potential between them is attractive. Can we use such bound states to obtain information about new colored particles at the LHC? I will discuss the relevant issues using examples from the MSSM and other beyond the standard model scenarios.

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