This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.
The idea of an effective conformal theory describing the low-lying spectrum of the dilatation operator in a CFT is developed. Such an effective theory is useful when the spectrum contains a hierarchy in the dimension of operators, and a small parameter whose role is similar to that of 1/N in a large N gauge theory. These criteria insure that there is a regime where the dilatation operator is modified perturbatively.
CRESST is a cryogenic dark matter search located at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. Scintillating CaWO4 crystals are operated as cryogenic calorimeters. The phonon (heat) signal measured with a tungten transition edge sensor on the surface of these crystals allows a precise determination of the energy deposited in the crystal, independent of the type of interaction. A light signal, simultaneously registered by a separate cryogenic detector, serves to identify the type of interaction.
Hydrodynamics is the universal theory describing the behavior of fluids when their spacetime variation is on scales longer than any microphysical scale in the fluid. Relativistic hydro has applications in heavy ion collisions and early Universe cosmology, and has seen a surge of interest due to heavy ion experiments and theoretical developments in AdS/CFT. I will explain what second order hydrodynamics is and why it is the minimum theory to study in the relativistic case.
We formulate a numerical procedure to calculate Hawking radiation during non-equilibrium black hole formation. The procedure is applied to a static string in thermal AdS and it is shown that for an arbitrary initial state, the final state is an equilibrated heavy quark string. The fluctuations in the quark string are transmitted from the horizon to the boundary leading to Brownian motion in the boundary theory.
I will discuss the collider signatures of heavy, long-lived, neutral particles that decay to charged particles plus missing energy. The focus will be the case of a neutralino NLSP decaying to Z and gravitino within the context of General Gauge Mediation (based on arXiv:1006.4575). I will show that the LHC has the potential for early discovery of such a long-lived particle if its lifetime (c tau) is between about 0.1 millimeters and 100 meters. I will also discuss the use of timing and pointing measurements to fully reconstruct kinematics in events with displaced decays.
Large mixing angles and a mild mass hierarchy are observed in neutrino oscillations, in stark contrast with the quarks and charged leptons sectors where very hierarchical masses come along with small mixings.
We review and discuss the neutrino mass patterns that are technically natural, in the context of the seesaw mechanism and with a quark-lepton unification perspective.
False vacua in QFT are liable to undergo spontaneous decay. Slowness of quantum tunneling can however allow a long lifetime to the false vacuum state. In supersymmetric theories this is a crucial criterion for obtaining a long lived universe with spontaneously broken supersymmetry. We have explored false vacua which admit topological defects, including in a supersymmetric model with O'Rafeartaigh type supersymmetry breaking. We show that the presence of topological defects significantly alters the stability of the false vacuum.
The gauge mediation models with a gravitino mass in the eV range is a
quite attractive scenario which causes no cosmological/astrophysical problems.
The model construction with such a light gravitino is, however, quite challenging
and in most cases ends up with the problems with the suppressed gaugino mass,
the vacuum instability and the Landau pole problems of the Standard Model gauge