Exploring AdS/CFT Dualities in Dynamical Settings
It is well known that superradiance can extract energy from a black hole and, in an asymptotically global AdS background, it drives the black hole unstable. The onset of superradiance also signals a bifurcation to a new family of AdS black holes in a phase diagram of stationary solutions. We construct non-linearly the hairy black holes, solitons and boson stars associated to scalar superradiance. We present both charged and rotating solutions with scalar hair. In the charged case, the structure of phase diagram varies considerably, depending on the charge of the condensate.
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I will describe a new numerical effort to solve Einstein gravity in 5-dimensional asymptotically Anti de Sitter spacetimes (AdS). The motivation is the gauge/gravity duality of string theory, with application to scenarios that on the gravity side are described by dynamical, strong-field solutions. For example, it has been argued that certain properties of the quark-gluon plasma formed in heavy-ion collisions can be modeled by a conformal field theory, with the dual description on the gravity side provided by the collision of black holes.
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We study the isotropization of a homogeneous, strongly coupled, non-Abelian plasma by means of its gravity dual. We compare the time evolution of a large number of initially anisotropic states as determined, on the one hand, by the full non-linear Einstein's equations and, on the other, by the Einstein's equations linearized around the final equilibrium state. The linear approximation works remarkably well even for states that exhibit large anisotropies. For example, it predicts with a 20% accuracy the isotropization time, which is of order 1/T, with T the final equilibrium temperature.