This series consists of talks in the areas of Cosmology, Gravitation and Particle Physics.
When recent observational evidence and the GR+FRW+CDM
model are combined we obtain the result that the Universe is accelerating,
where the acceleration is due to some not-yet-understood "dark
sector". There has been a considerable number of theoretical models
constructed in an attempt to provide an "understanding" of the dark
Dark energy coupled to Standard Model fermions and gauge
bosons gives rise to fifth forces and new particles, which are readily
accessible to experiments from laboratory to cosmological scales. I will discuss chameleon and symmetron
models, whose fifth forces are screened locally through large effective masses
and symmetry-restoring phase transitions, respectively. Fifth force experiments such as the Eot-Wash
torsion balance will test chameleons with small quantum corrections and
Fluctuations in the cosmic
microwave background (CMB) contain information which has been pivotal in
establishing the current cosmological model. These data can also be used to
test well-motivated additions to this model, such as
cosmic textures. Textures are a type of topological defect that
can be produced during a cosmological phase transition in the early universe,
and which leave characteristic hot and cold spots in the CMB. We apply Bayesian
methods to carry out an optimal test of the texture hypothesis, using
We expound several principles in an attempt to clarify
the debate over infrared loop corrections to the primordial scalar and tensor
power spectra from inflation. Among other things we note that existing
proposals for nonlinear extensions of the scalar fluctuation field $\zeta$
introduce new ultraviolet divergences which no one understands how to
renormalize. Loop corrections and higher correlators of these putative
observables would also be enhanced by inverse powers of the slow roll parameter
Cosmological
birefringence is a postulated rotation of the linear polarization of photons
that arises due to a Chern-Simons coupling of a new scalar field to
electromagnetism. In particular, it appears as a generic feature of simple
quintessence models for Dark Energy, and therefore, should it be detected,
could provide insight into the microphysics of cosmic acceleration. Prior work
has sought this rotation, assuming the rotation angle to be uniform across the
sky, by looking for the parity-violating TB and EB correlations in the CMB
The stress-energy tensor in a conformal field theory has
zero trace.
Holographic cosmology maps cosmological time evolution to
the inverse RG ﬂow of a dual three-dimensional QFT. In cases where this RG ﬂow
connects two closely separated ﬁxed points, QFT correlators may be calculated
perturbatively in terms of the conformal ﬁeld theory associated with one of the
ﬁxed points, even when the dual QFT is at strong coupling.
Realising slow-roll inﬂation in these terms, we show how to derive
standard slow-roll inﬂationary power spectra and non-Gaussianities through
After a brief overview of electroweak baryogenesis, I will show how to construct a solution of
the Dirac equation for a CP violating kink wall. This solution nicely reduces
to the known solution for a CP violating thin (step) wall. The novel solution can be helpful for studies
of baryogenesis sources at strong first order phase transitions, which is
relevant for electroweak scale baryogenesis studies.
In this talk I will
discuss a cosmological model where primordial inflation is driven by a `solid',
defined as a system of three derivatively coupled scalar fields obeying certain
symmetries and spontaneously breaking a certain subgroup of these. The symmetry
breaking pattern differs drastically from that of standard inflationary models:
time translations are unbroken. This prevents our model from fitting into the
standard effective field theory description of adiabatic perturbations. Consequently,
The de Sitter S-matrix provides a gauge-invariant and
field redefinition-invariant window into de Sitter QFTs and may provide a
crucial entry in any dS/CFT dictionary. In this talk I will summarize recent
progress on developing the S-matrix for theories with gauge fields and
perturbative gravity. Nonrenormalization theorems, hints of supersymmetry, and
perturbative stability will be discussed.