Gravitational-wave observations and neutron star matter

Neutron stars host the densest stable matter in the universe. Accurately modeling their multi-messenger astrophysics relies on a detailed description of the equation of state above nuclear density, and astronomical observations of neutron stars can in turn be used to constrain the properties of such dense matter. On August 17, 2017 the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors discovered the first gravitational-wave signal consistent with a binary neutron star inspiral. The three-dimensional localization of GW170817’s source using LIGO and Virgo data enabled a successful electromagnetic follow-up campaign. We are also able to constrain the equation of state of dense matter in neutron stars using the signature of tidal interaction in the gravitational-wave signal. I will outline these constraints, the methods by which they are made, how the gravitational-wave information connects with other observations of neutron stars, and outline future prospects for gravitational-wave astronomy with neutron stars.

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Thursday, November 29, 2018 - 13:00 to 14:30
Space Room
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