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Redesigning Electroweak Theory: Does the Higgs Particle Exist?

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An electroweak model in which the masses of the W and Z bosons and the fermions are generated by quantum loop graphs through a symmetry breaking of the vacuum is investigated. The model is based on a regularized quantum field theory in which the quantum loop graphs are finite to all orders of perturbation theory and the massless theory is gauge invariant, Poincaré invariant, and unitary to all orders. The breaking of the electroweak symmetry SUL(2) × UY (1) is achieved without a Higgs particle. A fundamental energy scale ΛW (not to be confused with a naive cutoff) enters the theory through the regularization of the Feynman loop diagrams. The finite regularized theory with ΛW allows for a fitting of low energy electroweak data. ΛW ~ 542 GeV is determined at the Z pole by fitting it to the Z mass mZ, and anchoring the value of sin²θw to its experimental value at the Z pole yields a prediction for the W mass mW that is accurate to about 0.5% without radiative corrections. The scattering amplitudes for WLWL → WLWL and e+e− → W+L W−L processes do not violate unitarity at high energies due to the suppression of the amplitudes by the running of the coupling constants at vertices. There is no Higgs hierarchy fine-tuning problem in the model. The unitary tree level amplitudes for WLWL → WLWL scattering and e+e− → W+L W−L annihilation, predicted by the finite electroweak model are compared with the amplitudes obtained from the standard model with Higgs exchange. These predicted amplitudes can be used to distinguish at the LHC between the standard electroweak model and the Higgsless model.