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Part 1: Monte-Carlo approach to the gauge/gravity duality

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The gauge/gravity duality may give a nonperturbative formulation of superstring/M theory, and hence, if one can study the nonperturbative dynamics of the gauge theory, it would be useful to understand the nonperturbative aspects of superstring theory. Although researches in this direction were not successful for long time because of the notorious difficulties in lattice SUSY, however, recent progress made it possible; nonperturbative formulations free from the parameter fine-tuning were proposed, some of them are confirmed to work numerically, and nontrivial evidence for the validity of the gauge/gravity duality has been obtained. In these talks I review the state of the art in this field. I start with reviewing basics of the Monte-Carlo. Then I explain how to put supersymmetric theories on computer and show actual numerical results. 1st talk : basics of Monte-Carlo simulation. 2nd talk : 1d SYM (matrix quantum mechanics). 3rd talk : how to put 2d, 3d and 4d SYM on computer. In the talks I concentrate on basic ideas and omit technical details (e.g. algorithms to accelerate simulations). They will be explained after the talks if people are interested in. References: 1st talk : standard textbooks e.g. Heinz J. Rothe, "Lattice Gauge Theories: An Introduction", Third Edition, World Scientific. 2nd talk : 0706.1647 [hep-lat], 0707.4454 [hep-th], 0811.2081 [hep-th], 0811.3102 [hep-th], 0911.1623 [hep-th], 1012.2913 [hep-th]. 3rd talk : hep-lat/0302017, hep-lat/0311021, 1010.2948 [hep-lat] (2d SYM); hep-th/0211139 (3d SYM); 1004.5513 [hep-lat], 1009.0901 [hep-lat] (4d SYM)