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Emergent O(4) Symmetry and Signatures of Deconfined Quantum Critical Point in Shastry-Sutherland Lattice Material SrCu2(BO3)2



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PIRSA Number: 
19040125

Abstract

We study the possibility of a deconfined quantum phase transition in a realistic model of a two dimensional Shastry-Sutherland quantum magnet, using both numerical and field theoretic techniques. We argue that the quantum phase transition between a two fold degenerate plaquette valence bond  solid (pVBS) order and N\'eel ordered phase may be described by a deconfined quantum critical point (DQCP) with emergent O(4) symmetry. Further, using the infinite density matrix renormalization group (iDMRG) numerical technique, we verify the emergence of an intermediate pVBS order, between the dimer and Neel ordered phases. By analyzing the correlation length spectrum, we provide evidence for deconfinement and emergent O(4) symmetry at the phases transistion between the pVBS and N\'eel orders. Such a phase transition has been reported in the recent pressure tuned experiments in the Shastry-Sutherland lattice material  SrCu2(BO3)2. The non-symmorphic lattice structure of the Shastry-Sutherland compound leads to extinction points in the scattering, where we predict sharp signatures of a DQCP in both the phonon and magnon spectra associated with the spinon continuua. Our results can guide future experimental studies of DQCP in quantum magnets.