Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Condensed matter realizations of Majorana zero modes constitute potential building blocks of a topological quantum computer and thus have recently been the subject of intense theoretical and experimental investigation. In the first part of this talk, I will introduce a new scheme for preparation, manipulation, and readout of these zero modes in semiconducting wires coated with mesoscopic superconducting islands.
The past few years have seen a surge of interest in six-dimensional superconformal field theories (6D SCFTs). Notably, 6D SCFTs have recently been classified using F-theory, which relates these theories to elliptically-fibered Calabi-Yau manifolds. Classes of 6D SCFTs have remarkable connections to structures in group theory and therefore provide a physical link between two seemingly-unrelated mathematical objects. In this talk, we describe this link and speculate on its implications for future studies of 6D SCFTs.
I will answer the question in the title. I will also describe a new quantum algorithm for Boolean formula evaluation and an improved analysis of an existing quantum algorithm for st-connectivity. Joint work with Stacey Jeffery.
About a decade ago Eynard and Orantin proposed a powerful computation algorithm
known as topological recursion. Starting with a ``spectral curve" and some ``initial data"
(roughly, meromorphic differentials of order one and two) the topological recursion produces by induction
a collection of symmetric meromorphic differentials on the spectral curves parametrized by
pairs of non-negative integers (g,n) (g should be thought of as a genus and n as the number of punctures).
Imagine going beyond treating the symptoms of disease and instead stopping it and reversing it. This is the promise of regenerative medicine.
In her Perimeter Institute public lecture, Prof. Molly Shoichet will tell three compelling stories that are relevant to cancer, blindness and stroke. In each story, the underlying innovation in chemistry, engineering, and biology will be highlighted with the opportunities that lay ahead.
Non-Fermi liquids are exotic metallic states which do not support well defined quasiparticles. Due to strong quantum fluctuations and the presence of extensive gapless modes near the Fermi surface, it has been difficult to understand universal low energy properties of non-Fermi liquids reliably. In this talk, we will discuss recent progress made on field theories for non-Fermi liquids.
Analyzing characteristics of an unknown quantum system in a device-independent manner, i.e., using only the measurement statistics, is a fundamental task in quantum physics and quantum information theory. For example, device-independence is a very important feature in the study of quantum cryptography where the quantum devices may not be trusted.
3d N=4 theories on the sphere have interesting supersymmetric sectors described by 1d QFTs and defined as the cohomology of a certain supercharge. One can define such a 1d sector for the Higgs branch or for the Coulomb branch. We study the Higgs branch case, meaning that the 1d QFT captures exact correlation functions of the Higgs branch operators of the 3d theory. The OPE of the 1d theory gives a star-product on the Higgs branch which encodes the data of these correlation functions.
Integral values of zeta functions are important not only for what they say about other values of their respective functions, but also for what they say about transcendence degree questions for appropriate extensions of the rationals or other number fields. They also appear in some recent computations relevant to particle physics.
In this talk we will give a quick introduction to the theory of periods and motives, relate said theory to special values of zeta functions, and discuss a graphical definition of the associated category of motives.